Sunday, February 28, 2021

The Yom Kippur Twin Goats Fulfilled in Messiah

By Maria Merola אריאל 
© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, August 2008

The mystery of the twin goats has eluded many throughout the ages, and some have even suggested that the scapegoat for Yom Kippur was the devil himself who tempted our Messiah in the wilderness. This notion comes from the Book of Enoch, where “Azazel” is the name of a demon. However, this is contrary to the prophetic picture given in Scripture of our Messiah as the twin goats on Yom Kippur.  

In this study, I am going to dispel the myth that “Azazel” is the devil, or a demon. This is a heretical teaching that was taught by Ellen G. White of the Seventh Day Adventist Church. The first thing that must be understood, is that the term “scapegoat” (as defined in the dictionary) literally means “An innocent person who takes the blame for a guilty person.” 

We know that the devil is by no means innocent, neither is he sinless, therefore, he would never qualify as one that could take the place of sinful humanity. Our Messiah, literally “Became sin for us,” even though he never knew sin. Therefore, he took upon himself, all the sins of the world (that were inspired by the devil). Thus, he conquered the sinful nature by fulfilling the pattern of the twin goats for Yom Kippur.

2nd Qorintiym (Corinthians) 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for uswho knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of Elohiym in him.

In this study, we are going to see a beautiful picture of the Heavenly Father and his Son, Yahuwshuwa in the role of the twin goats. At his first coming, our Messiah lived out an intermediate fulfillment of Yowm Kippur, after his forty days of fasting in the wilderness. At his second coming, he will fulfill it again on the “Day of Wrath” when he “Avenges the blood of the qadowshiym” (saints), and he returns with his bride (Revelation 19:2-16). 

The first thing that we must understand, (before proceeding with this study) is that YaHuWaH our Creator is both the Father & the Son. In Isaiah 9:6, we are shown that the Son who was born to us is also called “The Everlasting Father.” 

Our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa did not inherit the sinful bloodline of his ancestor King David, for that would have made his blood unfit to atone for our sins. He was called “The Son of David” because he was legally the heir of his earthly father Yahuwceph (Joseph), who was the ancestor of King David. To fully understand this phenomenon, see my other article entitled “The Oneness of the Father & the Son Versus Trinitarianism.”

Yahuwshuwas blood had to be perfect and sinless in order to atone for our sins. Our Messiah told us that there is only one who is good, which is Elohiym (Matthew 19:17). He also commanded us to be perfect just as our Heavenly Father is also perfect (Matthew 5:48). 

It is for this reason, that the Heavenly Father himself put on a human body and came to earth to portray in front of us a representation of sinful mankind, “The firstborn son” (Yisrael). Our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa came “In the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3) as he had his mother’s DNA which gave him his physical characteristics. His body was mortal (corruptible) so that he could destroy “The body of sins in the flesh” (Colossians 2:11). 

Therefore, the blood flowing through his veins was the blood of his Heavenly Father, for it was perfect and sinless. Hebrews 4:15 tells us that Yahuwshuwa is our High Priest who was “In all points tempted like as we are yet without sin.”

At his first coming, our Messiah portrayed the role of the sacrificial goat, the scapegoat; and then finally the High Priest (Kohen Gadowl) when he emerged from his forty-day fast in the wilderness. When he was immersed (baptized) in the Jordan River, this was his legal moment of death, for he was then portraying the sacrificial goat who would be killed. In Romans 6:3-4, we read that we are “Buried with him by baptism into death.” 

Immediately following his immersion in the Jordan River, our Messiah was “sent” into the wilderness as the commandment in Leviticus 16:21 states that the scapegoat must be “sent” by the hand of a “fit man.” The fit man in this case was the Ruwach ha’Qodesh (Holy Spirit): 

Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 16:21 And Aharown (Aaron) shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Yisra’eland all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness.

Yahuwchanon (John) was a Levite, of the sons of Aharown (Aaron) and he was the temporary High Priest that year, who would confess the sins of the nation while he laid both hands on the head of our Messiah whom he recognized as “The lamb of Elohiym who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29). 

The Messianic prophecy in Isaiah 53 even tells us that YaHuWaH “Laid upon him the iniquity of us all.

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and YHWH has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Forty Days of Fasting in the Wilderness Leading Up to Yom Kippur

We are now going to read Matthew’s account of his temptation in the wilderness, and we are going to understand why he had to be tempted in all things just as we are. Yahuwshuwa conquered the sinful nature on our behalf as the scapegoat, only to emerge as the High Priest who would become the kinsman redeemer for the nation of Yisrael . 

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:

1 Then was Yahuwshuwa led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.

2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward hungry.

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:

3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If you be the Son of Elohiym, command that these stones be made bread.

4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohiym.

5 Then the devil took him up into the holy city, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple,

6 And said unto him, If you be the Son of Elohiym, cast yourself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning you: and in their hands they shall bear you up, lest at any time you dash your foot against a stone.

*Note: Satan was trying to tempt Yahuwshuwa to follow the rabbinic tradition of throwing the scapegoat off of the cliff, but Yahuwshuwa would not allow himself to follow rabbinic tradition. Yahuwshuwa fulfilled the scapegoat according to the Towrah, and not the traditions of men. 

The Jewish Sanhedrin had started a tradition of throwing the scapegoat off of a cliff because they were concerned that the goat would find its way back into the camp and thus bring back the sins of the nation. To ensure that the sins of the nation carried away by the scapegoat could never return to them, the scapegoat was led up to a steep cliff and thrown down. 

This is the very reason why Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa to throw himself down from a pinnacle of the temple, while he was in the wilderness. 

Satan knew that Yahuwshuwa was carrying out the pattern of the scapegoat and he wanted him to obey the man-made rabbinic traditions of not trusting in YaHuWaH to save us. This tradition is against the Towrah, because it shows an attitude of trusting in human efforts versus trusting in YaHuWaH to keep the scapegoat away. 

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:

7 Yahuwshuwa said unto him, It is written again, you shall not tempt YHWH your Elohiym.

8 Again, the devil took him up into an exceeding high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;

9 And said unto him, All these things will I give you, if you will fall down and worship me.

10 Then said Yahuwshuwa unto him, Get you hence (get away), Satan: for it is written, you shall worship YHWH your Elohiym, and him only shall you serve.

1st Yahuwchanon (John) 2:16 shows us three main categories of sin:

1.) The lust of the flesh
2.) The lust of the eyes
3.) The pride of life

Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa in Matthew 4:3 with the lust of the flesh by appealing to his hunger for physical food. He said to him:

“If you be the Son of Elohiym, command that these stones be made bread.”

Yahuwshuwa answered by saying:

“It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohiym.”

This not only deals with Yahuwshuwa’s physical hunger, but it deals with us wanting physical manifestations more than the word of YaHuWaH. You see, Yahuwshuwa wants us to “hear his voice.”  The sheep hear his voice and they do not follow a stranger (John 10:5).

When sheep stray it is usually because a wolf has lured them away with some physical manifestation or some show of power that counterfeits the real thing.

In Ya’aqob (James) 1:14 this principle is born out:

“But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.”

Satan uses the “lust of the flesh” to tempt and entice us away from YaHuWaH with a fleshy counterfeit. Satan wants us to believe that we can have the Holy Spirit without giving up selfish pleasures and idols. 

While Yahuwshuwa said that “signs” would follow them that believe, (Mark 16:17) he also said: “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign” (Matthew 16:4). 

Miraculous signs should follow the believer, but the believer should not follow after “signs.” We should only follow the shepherd and his voice. So what does adultery have to do with seeking after a sign?

The word adulterate in the dictionary means “to make impure by admixture.”

This means that adultery is a mixture of the pure worship of the one true Elohiym with paganism.

In Greek the word here in Matthew 16:4 for “adulterous” is “moichalis” which comes from the root-word moichos meaning  “apostate.” The word “apostasia” in Greek means “a defection from the truth.” It is obvious here that Yahuwshuwa is equating falling away from the truth with adultery.

Satan was trying to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “lust of the flesh” in wanting Yahuwshuwa to use his power to “feed himself” but Yahuwshuwa never used his power for himself. Whenever he demonstrated the power of YaHuWaH it was to minister to others and to bring glory to his Father. Yahuwshuwa never glorified himself.

In Matthew 4:5, Satan also tried to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “pride of life,” by tempting him to take his life into his own hands instead of entrusting his life into his Father’s hands. Yahuwshuwa could have jumped off that pinnacle and had angels who would have indeed saved him, but this would have been done out of a wrong motive. Satan wanted Yahuwshuwa to use his power to “show off.”

Finally, in Matthew 4:8, Satan tried to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “lust of the eyes” by “showing him” all the kingdoms of this world.

With the “lust of the eyes” he tried to seduce Yahuwshuwa into falling down and worshiping him. Yahuwshuwa said to him: “it is written you shall worship YHWH your Elohiym, and him only shall you serve.”

Today many in Christianity are seeking after signs and manifestations more than pure doctrine and the prophetic word of YaHuWaH for this hour. Within the Messianic & Hebraic Root’s Community, I see the opposite problem where the focus seems to be more on the “letter” of the Towrah, but they tend to cast aside prophetic revelation, signs, wonders, and miracles etc. But these two extreme views are wrong and they keep the Two Houses of Yisra’el divided. 

The “pride of life” is an attitude that wants to use a show of Yah’s power for self-aggrandizement. The “lust of the flesh” is an attitude that wants to get our own needs met without paying the price by laying down our lives for Yahuwshuwa. The “lust of the eyes” means to be influenced by the splendor of the world and even “physical manifestations,” causing people to worship Satan as an impostor to the genuine Messiah. Satan will use all three of these things to tempt us in these last days, but we must not be moved by what we see with our eyes.

The body of believers in Messiah must advance to the “meat” of the word and stop feeding on “milk.” We must not look to “signs and wonders” ONLY as evidence of the presence of the Ruwach haQodesh (Holy Spirit). We must feed on the pure, unadulterated word of Elohiym so that we can bear fruit worthy of repentance. Only then will the body of believers be able discern the true Messiah from the impostor.

The Yom Kippur Temple Service Explained

Leviticus 16 gives us the instructions through Moses for all Yisra’el on how to keep Yom Kippur.

The High Priest (Kohen haGadowl) was to take two goats and present them before YaHuWaH at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He was to cast lots for the goats----one for YaHuWaH and the other for “Azazel” which literally means: “The goat of removal” or “The scapegoat.” 

Two goats were to be brought before him. He would place his hands on their heads and confess the sins of the people. One would be slaughtered as a sacrifice to YaHuWaH. 

When Yahuwshuwa came to Yahuwchanon (John) to be baptized, John was the true High Priest that was to offer the “sacrificial goat” that year while Caiaphas, the High Priest was an impostor who was an Edomite appointed by Rome. Caiaphas was not a Levite appointed by YaHuWaH, but John was a Levite and a legitimate priest.

John immediately recognized that Elohiym had selected the sacrificial goat that year for Yom Kippur:

Yahuwchanon (John 1:29) The next day John saw Yahuwshuwa coming unto him, and said, Behold the Lamb of Elohiym, which takes away the sin of the world.

Yahuwchanon (John) knew that Yahuwshuwa was about to become the “sacrificial goat” and that he would be “sent” into the wilderness also as the “scapegoat” to “take away” the sins of the world into the wilderness! See this other link to learn about Messiah fulfilling the pattern of the scapegoat: The Scapegoat as a Type of Messiah

Even though the first chapter of John's gospel does not tell us that Yahuwchanon (John) placed his hand on Yahuwshuwa’s head, we can deduce that this was done, based on the pattern that we see in Leviticus 16:21.

*Note: A crown of thorns was placed upon our Messiah's head to symbolize the curse of sin and death (see Genesis 3:18). The sins of the nation were confessed upon his head, just like the Yom Kippur sacrificial goat. 

The Scriptures tell us that the second goat is to be offered to “Azazel,” which is a Hebrew word that literally means the following in the Hebrew Strong’s Concordance:

#5799 ‘aza’zel az-aw-zale from 5795 and 235; goat of departurethe scapegoat:--scapegoat.

The root-words for “Azazel,” are #5795 (ez) which means “she-goat,” and the other is #235 (azal) which means “to go away.” 

The idea behind the scapegoat is that he is to be sent out into the desert, separated from the people “As far as the east is from the west” (Psalms 103:12). He escapes death, but he carries the sins of the people with him to his dying day. They sinned, he suffers. They were guilty, he pays the price. 

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 53:4 Surely he has born our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of Elohiym, and afflicted.

*Note: I find it interesting that the word “afflicted,” is used in this Isaiah 53 passage, because we are commanded in Leviticus 23:29 to “Afflict our soul.” 

The Hebrew word for “afflict,” is “anah,” which has a root word that means “To close the mouth.” See my other blog entitled: Are We Commanded to Fast On Yom Kippur?

That’s what the word “scapegoat” has come to mean: “An innocent person who takes the blame for the guilty party. 

In 1st Keefa (Peter) 2:24, we are told “Who himself bore our sins in his own body by the tree...” 

Who does this she-goat represent? We get a hint from the prophet Jeremiah:

Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) 3:8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Yisra’el committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Yahuwdah (Judah) feared not, but went and played the harlot also. 

Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) 3:20 Surely as a wife treacherously departs from her husband, so have you dealt treacherously with me, O house of Yisra’el, says YHWH. 

Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) 24:5 Thus says YHWH the Elohiym of Yisrael; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Yahuwdah (Judah), whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.

As you can see from the above verses, both houses of Yisra’el departed” from the covenant and so they were both “sent away.” It is obvious now, why Yahuwshuwa had to portray both the sacrificial goat (the one who is killed) and the scapegoat (the one who is sent). It is because both houses of Yisra’el had “departed” and then later on they “killed” their own Messiah. In order to become the substitute for their sins, he had to portray both goats.

Yom Kippur, (Day of Atonement) literally means “day of covering,” and it is the sixth of the seven biblical feasts given by Yah to the nation Yisra’el (Leviticus 23:26-32). 

Observed on the tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri), it is the highest Holy Day of the feasts appointed by YaHuWaH. Elohiym commanded Yisra’el to observe the Day of Atonement because they were a sinful people in need of cleansing so that they might have continued fellowship with him. Yom Kippur is also the culmination of the “Days of Awe,” the ten-day period of self-examination and repentance that begins on Yowm Teruwah (Day of Blowing) on the first day of the 7th month of Tishri.

On Yom Kippur, it is believed that the books are opened in heaven during this time (Daniel 7:10, Revelation 20:12). The object of this feast is to be properly inscribed, for on Yom Kippur it is believed that the books are closed, and thus the person is sealed for the next year.

The scriptures command Yisra’el not to perform work on the Day of Atonement and to afflict their souls (this is interpreted to mean fasting). The central figure in this biblical observance was the High Priest (Leviticus 16). It was the High Priest who alone had to make atonement for himself, for his household, and for the people of Yisra’el. He would prepare for these most important duties, beginning seven days before Yom Kippur. The High Priest would be separated from his own household and take up residence inside the temple.

On the morning of Yom Kippur, as the people crowded outside the sanctuary, the High Priest would emerge to begin the series of rituals and offerings.

Unlike the other days of the year, the High Priest alone had to perform the daily offerings and sacrifices, in addition to the special sacrifices for the Day of Atonement. He began by removing his clothing and ceremonially cleansing himself in a special place used only on Yom Kippur. He then donned his golden vestments and completed the morning service. He put off his golden apparel and, after washing yet again, put on the white linen garments that YaHuWaH commanded him to wear when performing the atoning sacrifices (Leviticus 16:4). 

The High Priest then took a bullock that was to be offered for himself. Laying his hands on the head of the bullock, he would confess his sins and the sins of his household. Putting this bullock aside, he would take two identical goats (Leviticus 16:5) and draw lots. 

These special lots were made of gold and had the inscriptions “For YaHuWaH” and “For Azazel rendered “scapegoat” in English. 

The goat, for which the lot “For YaHuWaH” fell, would be killed while the goat for which the lot “For Azazel” fell would be left alive to bear the sins of the nation. To distinguish between these two goats, a scarlet-woolen thread would be tied to the head of the scapegoat (Hebrews 9:19). This scarlet woolen thread was dyed using the red fluid from the “shaniy” or the Coccus Ilicis” worm, which I will explain about later in this study.

The High Priest then took the bull set aside for a sin offering and again confessed his sins and the sins of his household with his hands laid upon the bull’s head. The bull was then slaughtered and its blood captured in a basin. The High Priest then took up a fire pan with coal in one hand and incense in his other hand and entered into the Holy of Holies. 

Upon placing the fire pan down between the two poles of the Ark of the Covenant, he placed the incense on the coals. The smoke that resulted filled the entire room. He then returned for the blood of the bull. Entering again into the Holy of Holies, the High Priest sprinkled the Mercy Seat with the blood by motioning once upward and seven times downward. The basin with the remaining blood was deposited in the Holy Place.

The High Priest, atoning for the Holy of Holies, the tabernacle, and the altar, took the goat that was designated “For YaHuWaH.” The goat was slain and the blood caught in another basin. He then entered again into the Holy of Holies and sprinkled the blood as before.

The High Priest then came back into the Holy Place and took the blood of the bull and sprinkled the veil that separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place. He did the same with the blood of the goat. The blood was mixed together, and the High Priest sprinkled the mixed blood on the horns of the altar of incense. The blood was also sprinkled on the altar of sacrifice to cleanse it. The remaining blood was poured at the base of that altar.

*Note: What was being done here? The bull represents the House of Ephrayim (Deuteronomy 33:17 & Jeremiah 31:18). The bullock also typifies Leah and the Ten Northern Tribes of Yisra’el, as her name means “cow.” 

Yahuwshuwa performed the sacrifice of the Red Heifer according to Numbers 19, as well as the Passover Lamb at his crucifixion. The lamb represents the Two Southern Tribes of Judah typified in Rachel as her name means “lamb.” The blood of the lamb is for the House of Judah (Jews) and the blood of the bull is for Ephrayim (Gentiles). The blood of these two animals is mixed together on Yom Kippur! 

What this means is that the blood of Ephrayim (the bull) and the blood of Judah (the goat) are mixed together to symbolize that they are becoming one family, one blood, one bride, one stick in the hand of YaHuWaH on Yom Kippur at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb!

The people who were gathered to observe the sacrifice knew very well that if YaHuWaH did not accept the sacrifices, he would strike the High Priest dead in the Holy of Holies, and the nation’s sins would not be covered. Interestingly, a rope was tied to the High Priest in case he died in the Most Holy Place. 

This way, his body could be pulled out without someone having to go in to get him, which would result in that person’s death. In other words, the people completely relied on the work of the High Priest. Thus, when the High Priest emerged from the tabernacle, his appearance was a cause of much celebration and joy among the people.

The final act in the atoning work of the High Priest involved dispensing of the nation’s sins. The High Priest laid his hands upon the head of the scapegoat and confessed the sins of the nation. An appointed man (who became temporarily ceremonially unclean) then led the goat away. According to Leviticus 16:21-22, the goat was to be led into the wilderness and left there.

In Luke 4:19, when Yahuwshuwa emerged out of the wilderness after 40 days and 40 nights (fulfilling the pattern of the scapegoat), he then read the Isaiah 61 scroll declaring the “Acceptable Year of YaHuWaH” for Yom Kippur! 

He had born the iniquity for the sins of Judah that year just like Ezekiel did when he laid on his right side for “forty days for the sins of the House of Judah one day for each year” (Ezekiel 4:6-7). Yahuwshuwa knew that they were going to reject his sacrifice for forty years, until the Roman Siege in 70 A.D.

Leah & Rachel’s Sons Trade Places

It may seem strange for some of you that I assimilate Leah to the Ten Northern Tribes of the House of Ephrayim and Rachel to the Two Southern Tribes of the House of Judah. Some have rationalized “How can Rachel symbolize the House of Judah, when it was Leah who bore Judah?” If Rachel is the grandmother of Ephrayim and Leah is the mother of Judah, then how did they end up switching places?

In Genesis 48:13-20 we see that Jacob gave the blessing of the “firstborn” to Joseph’s youngest son, Ephrayim, and the blessing of the younger son to Manasseh. Why did Jacob place his right hand on the younger son and his left hand on the older son? 

Jacob understood a principle that he was already familiar with, because Jacob was the youngest of twins born to Isaac & Rebekah. Even though Esau was the older twin, the prophecy spoken over him was the “older will serve the younger” (Genesis 25:23, Romans 9:12). 

This principle is illustrated throughout the scriptures as “The first shall become the last and the last shall become the first (Matthew 19:30). Our Messiah referred to himself as “The first and the last” in Revelation 1:8 because he came to represent both Houses of Yisra’el (Leah & Rachel’s sons). This is how the sons of Rachel and the sons of Leah will become one family in the last days.

So how did the families switch places? In Genesis 37:5, we read that Joseph had a dream wherein eleven of Jacob’s sons would bow down and serve him. This dream later-on came to pass when Joseph was made the ruler over his the brothers who plotted to kill him. The only brothers who did not want to kill Joseph were Reuben and Judah. Benjamin was too young at the time and so he was not present when the other brothers plotted to kill Joseph. However, it was Judah’s idea to sell Joseph to the slave traders which ultimately saved his life and brought him into his destiny.

Years later, when Joseph was reunited with his brothers, Benjamin was the one who was instrumental in reconciling Jacob’s jealous sons back to Joseph. 

Jacob did not want to send Benjamin to Egypt for fear that he would be killed, so Judah promised Jacob that he would personally become Benjamin’s keeper forever (Genesis 43:8-9). After Joseph was reunited with his father, and Jacob was about to die, he gave Joseph a “double portion” of his inheritance (48:22). This means that Joseph would be the tribal leader of both Houses of Yisra’el.

However, Judah was given the “priestly blessing” (the scepter) over the sons of Yisra’el, while Joseph was given the “birthright” which includes the “wealth of the nations.”

And so Joseph ruled over all eleven sons of Yisra’el according to the dream he had in Genesis 37:9. This would include the sons of Leah, Rachel, and their handmaidens (Bilhah & Zilpah). Joseph is a prophetic “type” of Messiah who in the last days will inherit “both houses” (Isaiah 8:14), in other words, he shall “possess the double” (Isaiah 61:7).

In 1st Kings 12, both Houses of Yisrael split and became two separate kingdoms: The Southern Kingdom of Judah (which included Benjamin & Judah) and The Northern Kingdom of Ephrayim.

Since Judah vowed to become Benjamin’s keeper forever, these two tribes have remained together to this day.

When Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin, her body was buried in Bethlehem-Judah (Genesis 35:19). Because Rachel’s body was sown into the soil of the House of Judah, her son Benjamin would dwell in the land of Judah. Judah also protected Rachel’s son Joseph when the other brothers wanted to kill him. This is how Judah ended up becoming the son of Rachel. In Matthew 2:18 & Jeremiah 31:15, we read a prophecy about “Rachel weeping for her children.” 

In Matthew 2:16 we read that King Herod had all the boys under two years old in the Kingdom of Judah killed in his attempt to kill the Messiah. These children were called “Rachel’s children” because her body was buried there. And thus, we can see how Judah & Benjamin are now counted as the sons of Rachel, and the other ten sons are counted as sons of Leah. The twin goats for Yom Kippur portray the sons of Rachel and the sons of Leah who will become one house in the last days on Yom Kippur at the second coming of Messiah!

Rabbinic Tradition

In time, the Jewish people, were concerned that the goat would find its way back into the camp and thus bring back the sins of the nation. To ensure that the sins of the nation carried away by the scapegoat could never return to them, the scapegoat was led up to a steep cliff and thrown down. 

We can see why YaHuWaH did not approve of this man-made tradition, because it distorted the prophetic shadow picture seen in Leviticus 16 for the proper instructions on killing the sacrificial goat. 

The subsequent release of the scapegoat into the wilderness was also meant to be a shadow-picture of Messiah; hence, the reason why Satan wanted our Messiah to jump off the pinnacle of the temple, because he knew that he was fulfilling the pattern of the twin goats. Satan did not want him to fulfill the roles of both of these goats according to the Towrah instructions. He hoped that he could convince Messiah to follow this rabbinic tradition instead of shedding his blood on the cross. 

This tradition is also symbolic of how the House of Judah prevented the lost sheep of the House of Yisra’el from returning to the covenant, so they invented a rabbinic tradition whereby all Gentiles would be stoned to death if they came near the temple. 

This is precisely what Paul meant when he wrote in Ephesians 2:15, Having abolished in his flesh the enmity [hatred], even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of two one new man, so making peace.” 

The House of Judah invented a man-made law (ordinances or dogma in Greek) which prevented the other ten tribes from returning home to the land. This man-made law was abolished by our Messiah so that all twelve tribes (both houses) could be restored back to him and to one another.

Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa to throw himself down from that pinnacle because he knew that Yahuwshuwa was carrying out the pattern of the scapegoat and he wanted him to obey man-made rabbinic traditions instead of trusting in Yah. This tradition is against the Towrah because it shows an attitude of trusting in human efforts versus trusting in Yah to keep the scapegoat away.

According to the historic record of the Talmud, the red thread, which was attached to the scapegoat’s head, would turn white, thus signifying that Yah had accepted the sacrifices and that the nation’s sins were covered for another year. We know that this actually took place, because it is also recorded in prophecy:

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, says YHWH: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

With the atoning work of the High Priest completed, he would take off his linen garments, wash, and put on his golden vestments again. He would then offer two rams for a burnt offering and several other offerings prescribed for that day. His work was thus complete.

It can be clearly seen that the biblical observance of Yom Kippur was entirely centered upon the work of the High Priest. The only responsibility of the people was to abstain from work and to afflict their souls.

The entire Yom Kippur observance changed drastically after 70 A.D. With no temple, no priesthood, and no sacrifices, the Jewish people had to develop ways of complying with the biblical prescription to atone for their sins every year. The rabbis thus developed a tradition that prayer, repentance, and charity (good works) would atone for the sins of the nation. 

While it is understandable that they would seek a new course without the temple, such a course is unfortunately not biblical. Yah never changed his requirement for blood atonement, and though they have developed interesting arguments to support their claims, careful scrutiny reveals that they are wrong. The evening services of Yom Kippur commence with the recitation of the Kol Nidre (All Vows) in which they renounce unfulfilled personal vows and oaths. Synagogue services are accompanied by a day of fasting in order to “afflict one’s soul.”

The atoning sacrifice is missing. It is interesting to note, however, that there is still a small segment in the Orthodox community who believe that a substitutionary death is needed through the practice of kapparot.” The day before Yom Kippur, someone obtains a live chicken. The person confesses his sins over the chicken while swinging it over his head. The chickens are eventually killed and thus provide blood atonement for sins.

*Note: This is an abomination as there cannot be animal sacrifices done outside of the temple in Jerusalem according to Towrah (Deuteronomy 16:2-6). The prophetic fulfillment of the Day of Atonement will be that of the final cleansing of the nation of Yisra’el prior to the Millennial Kingdom when it experiences national atonement (Revelation 19, Zechariah 12:10). 

The High Priest, instrumental in the biblical observance of the Day of Atonement, foreshadowed the Great High Priest who was to come! The book of Hebrews details how Yahuwshuwa the Messiah is better than the Levitical High Priest and how Yahuwshuwa’s sacrifice of himself was better than all the offerings of the Levitical Priesthood.

Just as the High Priest temporarily removed his golden vestments and donned his plain linen garments before performing his atoning work, Yahuwshuwa Messiah temporarily left his glory and came to earth as the Son of Man and the Son of Elohiym. He then performed his atoning work on the tree, sprinkling his blood for the sins of all men in the true Holy of Holies in heaven (Hebrews 9:12). When Yahuwshuwa finished his work, he took on his glory once again, as the High Priest did in putting back on his priestly garments, and went to his Father’s house.

However, unlike the Levitical High Priest who had to repeat these sacrifices year after year, Yahuwshuwa Messiah provided atonement only once, perfecting salvation to all who believe (Hebrew 9:26). Just as with the High Priest, no one can save himself but must rely completely on him. Finally, when the High Priest performed his work of atonement for himself and for the nation, he did so standing up. In fact, a chair was never part of the furniture of the tabernacle or the temple. 

When he finished his work, Yahuwshuwa sat on the right hand of Elohiym (Hebrew 1:3), signifying that his work was forever accomplished. The Talmud records that for a full forty years prior to the destruction of the temple, the red thread on the scapegoat’s head did not turn white. Thus from the time of Yahuwshuwa’s work on the tree until the sacrifices ended when the Romans destroyed the temple, YaHuWaH, did not accept the sacrifices of bulls and goats!

The ultimate Yom Kippur for the nation will come at a heavy price because two-thirds of the Jewish people in the land will be destroyed (Zechariah 13:8). The remaining one-third will come out of the fire of cleansing and be saved. YaHuWaH will give to the remaining Jewish souls a new heart and a new spirit (Ezekiel 36:26), forgiving their sins forever (Jeremiah 31:34). 

The Apostle Sha’uwl (Paul) spoke of this time of the outpouring of Yah’s spirit upon the nation of Yisra’el when he wrote, “All Yisra’el shall be saved” (Romans 11:26). This future time of national cleansing and restoration will culminate with the Yahuwdiym (Jewish) people accepting Yahuwshuwa their Messiah and finally saying: YaHuWaH is my Elohiym (Zechariah 13:9).

The Office of the High Priest Forever Changed

The sinful nature was embodied in Yahuwshuwa who “Came in the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3). Therefore, he “Put off the body of sins in the flesh” (the scapegoat, the old man Colossians 2:11), and he “put on the new man” (Colossians 3:10, Ephesians 4:24) or the incorruptible body when he resurrected (1st Corinthians 15:52-54). 

His spirit was incorruptible (sinless), yet his body was mortal or corruptible (a representation of sinful man). The scapegoat is a representation of the sinful nature. The scapegoat is the sinful man that is “put away” and removed far from us---never to return! 

The Beginning of His Ministry on Yom Kippur

When Messiah returned from the wilderness, he was returning symbolically as “the new man” who left the selfish nature of mankind out in the wilderness with Satan. Even though Messiah was not a sinner, he was illustrating this principle for us to see in the pattern of the scapegoat.

Yahuwshuwa’s human body served as a representation of the sinful human nature, and that was removed forever, never to return because he “Mortified the deeds of the body” (Romans 8:13).

Yahuwshuwa Messiah emerged from the wilderness as a symbol of the “new man” having conquered the sin nature (like Jacob when he wrestled with YaHuWaH). So you see the scapegoat is a picture of the sinful fallen nature of man, whereas the sacrificial goat is a picture of Messiah who is humble and meek as he lays down his life for the sheep (John 10:12).

In the first chapter of Johns gospel, we read that John the Immerser (Baptist) immersed our Messiah in the Jordan River prior to his going into the wilderness. This act was going to change the role of the High Priest from the sons of Aaron that year to the Melchizedek Priesthood forever. John was illustrating that he was transferring his role as the High Priest back to Melchizedek. 

Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:

11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchizedek, and not be called after the order of Aharown (Aaron)?

12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the Towrah (law).

13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertains to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.

*Note: What part of the Towrah (law) changed? Was it the entire law? Or was it only the part of the Towrah that pertains to the role of the High Priest? The only thing that was about to change was the law of the High Priest only---not the entire priesthood. And neither the entire Mosaic Law. 

The only thing that changed under the Renewed Covenant in Messiahs blood was the role of the High Priest (Kohen haGadowl) who was to go into the Holy of Holies once per year to offer a sacrifice for sins!

Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:

14 For it is evident that our YHWH sprang out of Yahuwdah (Judah); of which tribe Mosheh (Moses) spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

15And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchizedek there arises another priest,

16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.

*Note: The “carnal commandment” here means a commandment for a mortal (carnal) human being to be the High Priest each year for Yom Kippur. This does not mean that the Towrah (law) itself is carnal for the Apostle Sha’uwl (Paul) already stated in Romans 7:14 that the Towrah (law) is “spiritual,” but it is the nature of a human being that is carnal (not the law). 

This scripture is telling us that the Towrah (law) requires a Levite to offer sacrifices for Yom Kippur, but since a Levite is a mere mortal human being who dies (in other words a carnal man), the commandment for a carnal human being to be the High Priest was now being changed to another priest who had an “endless life” (eternal life) which is Yahuwshuwa as Melchizedek! 

Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:

17 For he testifies, you are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

18 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near unto Elohiym.

*Note: What was being annulled? It was the commandment for the High Priest each year to perform the duties of an intercessor as a mere mortal human being. This is not telling us that the entire Towrah (law) was being annulled. 

Only the part of the Towrah (law) that made mortal humans into High Priests! Now the commandment for Levites to be High Priests was being annulled and the weakness of these mortal men made the sacrifice itself unprofitable on a permanent eternal level. The sacrifices had to be offered “year-by-year” on Yom Kippur because the priesthood was imperfect and mortal!

Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:

20 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest:

21 (For those priests were made without an oathbut this with an oath by him that said unto him, YHWH swore and will not repent, you are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek:)

22 By so much was Yahuwshuwa made a surety of a better testament.

23 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death:

24 But this man, because he continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood.

Yahuwshuwa was now making an oath between himself and Yahuwchanon (John) his cousin (a close relative). Also, Yahuwshuwa was about to fulfill the oath that YaHuWaH made to redeem Yisrael in Isaiah 54:8-9. What was this oath between Yahuwshuwa and his cousin John who was a Levite?
In the Towrah, if a woman becomes a widow without bearing a son to carry on the name of her dead husband, then a close relative could perform the duty of a “kinsman redeemer” by marrying the woman. The kinsman redeemer would then impregnate her with a son thereby redeeming her inheritance, and their son would carry on the name of the widow’s husband. 

Well guess what? Yisra’el became a widow because her earthly High Priest, (John the Immerser) was killed by Herod. You see, the role of the High Priest (Kohen haGadowl) was supposed to be the role of the temporary “husband, redeemer” for the nation of Yisrael. The role of the High Priest was merely a “shadow picture” of the permanent, immortal High Priest, Melchizedek.

Yisra’el was about to crucify her own Messiah, thus making him the dead husband, and herself a widow (Isaiah 54:4). John the Immerser had to die in order to show that the High Priest after the order of the sons of Aaron was now being forever changed to the Melchizedek Priesthood every year for Yom Kippur! 

In this case, Yahuwshuwa was the cousin (close relative) of John the Immerser who was fulfilling the role of the “husband” when he began his ministry as High Priest (right after John died). Subsequently, Messiah became the “kinsman redeemer,” the close relative of the dead husband for the widowed wife! 

The Towrah says that if the woman’s husband’s relative refuses to do the duty of a kinsman redeemer for her, then she must “Loose his shoe from off of his foot and the elders must spit in his face.” (Deuteronomy 25:9-10).  

If the woman’s dead husband’s relative agrees to marry her and she has a son, then the Towrah states the following:  

Debariym (Deuteronomy) 25:6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she bears shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Yisra’el.

Yahuwshuwa was about to do what Boaz did by becoming the kinsman redeemer for Ruth (who typifies the lost tribes of Yisrael or Gentiles). Boaz also redeemed the inheritance of Naomi who typifies the House of Yahuwdah (Judah). Boaz typifies our Messiah who came to redeem the lost tribes and also to redeem the inheritance for the Two Southern Tribes of Judah (Ruth 4:7-8). 

John recognized that he was not worthy to be the kinsman redeemer for Yisra’el because he was a mere human being born with a sinful nature. He was a Levitical High Priest but not an eternal High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. Yahuwshuwa was the only one found worthy to become her kinsman redeemer, for he was sinless, and thus he had an endless life. In other words, there was never the possibility of him dying behind the veil in the Holy of Holies, thereby leaving the nation in their sins and without atonement!

John also knew that Yahuwshuwa was about to bear the shame and guilt for the House of Judah and their refusal to be the kinsman redeemer. The Levitical Priests were supposed to also represent the bride of YaHuWaH. They wore white and they were adorned with jewels in their breastplate (choshen) for the 12 Tribes of Yisrael just like the New Yerushalayim (Revelation 21:19-20). 

The Levites even had to examine themselves and wash in the bronze laver which was made from the mirrors of the women (Exodus 38:8). They represent the bride who prepares herself and washes by the washing of water by the word (Ephesians 5:26). 

In this case, Yahuwchanon (John) was about to perform the role of the widowed wife, Yisrael who was supposed to remove the shoe off of brother Yahuwdah (Judah), but he knew he was not worthy because he was born with a sinful nature. Yahuwshuwa was the only one found worthy to be the kinsman redeemer (Revelation 5:4-13). 

Yahuwshuwa was about to be killed and become the dead brother of Yahuwdah (Judah). But when he resurrected, he would become the living brother who would then be able to perform the duty of a kinsman redeemer for Yisrael! That is why John said the following words:

Yahuwchanon (John) 1:27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose.

And when our Messiah was about to be crucified, the High Priest and the elders of the Sanhedrin spit in his face:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

What was happening here? In the story of the prodigal son there are two brothers being represented (Ephrayim & Judah). Ephrayim is the younger and Judah is the older son. Ephrayim, typified in the prodigal son was thought to be dead (Luke 15:24). 

Since the older brother, Yahuwdah (Judah) refused to be a kinsman redeemer to the widowed wife of his brother (the lost tribes of Yisra’el), our Messiah was taking even the sins of the older brother Yahuwdah (Judah) by bearing the shame of the brother who refused to raise up a name for his brother’s wife. Similarly, the House of Judah did not want the younger brother (the lost sheep) to return home.

There was “enmity” between Jew & Gentile (Ephesians 2:15) because the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) refused to allow the lost tribes of Yisra’el to “come near” to the temple so that they could hear the Towrah, repent and be restored back to the covenant. The Apostle Shauwl speaks about this in Ephesians 2:14 when he describes a “middle wall of partition” that was built up around the temple in order to keep the Gentiles out. 

This was the result of the “enmity” (hatred) that existed between the House of Judah & the House of Ephrayim. Messiah abolished in his flesh this “enmity” (hatred) between these two houses in order to make both houses of Yisra’el into “one new man” (Ephesians 2:15-16). 

Judahs refusal to be the kinsman redeemer for the other lost tribes is what caused the “ordinances” (man-made laws of Pharisaism) to exist! Yahuwshuwa did not abolish the Towrah or the Mosaic Law! He abolished this Pharisaic Law which kept the lost sheep of the House of Yisrael separated from Judah!

Yahuwdah (Judah) Becomes the Kinsman Redeemer for Yisra’el (Ephrayim)

In Genesis 38, we see that Judah’s son Onan refused to perform the duty of a kinsman redeemer for the widowed wife (Tamar) of his brother, Er. Because of Onan’s refusal to be the kinsman for Tamar (who typifies Yisra’el), he was slain by YaHuWaH. Onan is the son of Judah who typifies the mortal body of Messiah, because he came “In the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3), even though he never sinned. 

Onan was slain for his refusal to be the kinsman redeemer, just as our Messiah’s body was slain. And now Messiah was acting as the “scapegoat” by taking the place for the House of Judah and their refusal to redeem the other lost tribes!

After Onan died, his father Judah represents the Heavenly Father who made a vow to Tamar. In Isaiah 54:9, YaHuWaH made a vow to redeem Yisra’el. Now, Judah is promising to give Tamar his youngest son “Shelah” as a husband, and his name means “petition.” This is a picture of the Heavenly Father himself putting on human flesh to become “The son,” (Isaiah 9:6), and thereby becoming the kinsman redeemer himself! 

Tamars husbands brother (Shelah) was supposed to be the kinsman, but instead the father (Judah) does it himself! In Zechariah 12:10 we see that YaHuWaH (the Father) is pierced when he becomes the Son!

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

8 And Yahuwdah (Judah) said unto Onan, Go in unto your brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to your brother.

9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.

*Note: Onan refused to perform the duty of kinsman for his brother’s widow, Tamar according to Deuteronomy 25. This is a picture of the House of Judah refusing to redeem the widow (the other lost sheep of Yisra’el).

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

10 And the thing which he did displeased YHWH: wherefore he slew him also.

11 Then said Yahuwdah (Judah) to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at your father’s house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her fathers house.

12 And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Yahuwdah’s wife died; and Yahuwdah (Judah) was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold your father in law goes up to Timnath to shear his sheep.

14 And she put her widow’s garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.

*Note: What we are seeing here is a picture of the Ten Lost Tribes of Yisra’el (typified here in Tamar) and she is putting off her widow’s garments (as seen in Isaiah 54:4) for she is about to give birth thereby putting an end to her barrenness. 

When she covered her face with a veil, this is “Yom Kipper” typology, as the priest had to go “behind the veil” as he “covered” the sins of the people with the blood of a goat. In the same way that Rebekah “covered” herself with a veil just before going to meet Isaac her bridegroom, Tamar is now veiling herself to her kinsman redeemer (Judah). 

In the last days, the House of Judah will be “hidden” and veiled (covered) and sheltered during the ten days between The Feast of Trumpets & The Day of Atonementknown as “The Ten Days of Awe.” The House of Judah will finally be redeemed on Yom Kippur according to Zechariah 12:10 & Revelation 2:10. 

The House of Judah to this day will not recognize the other Ten Tribes as they insist on still calling them Gentiles, even though Messiah has redeemed them! 

However, on that future Yom Kippur, in Zechariah 12:10, we read that the House of David, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem will recognize their Messiah, but they will also recognize the other Ten Tribes whom they refused to acknowledge before. 

In Isaiah 11:13 we read: 

The envy also of Ephrayim shall depart, and the adversaries of Yahuwdah (Judah) shall be cut off: Ephrayim shall not envy Yahuwdah (Judah), and Yahuwdah (Judah) shall not vex Ephrayim.

As you can see from the above passage, the “envy” (jealousy) between Leah & Rachel will “depart” just like the goat of departure (the scapegoat). And the adversaries of the House of Judah shall be “cut off” (killed) just like the sacrificial goat is killed. Just as Judah is did not recognize Tamar until she revealed herself to be pregnant with his twins, so the House of Judah to this day will not recognize the other Ten Tribes until the last days when they also recognize their Messiah.

The other Ten Tribes are “veiled” to Judah because the Yahuwdiy (Jews) do not want to recognize the other lost tribes as being part of the inheritance. In Genesis 38, Judah was about to become “one flesh” now with Tamar as she who typifies the House of Ephrayim (Yisra’el):

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:15 When Yahuwdah (Judah) saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.

*Note: Tamar is seen here as a “type” of the Ten Lost Tribes of Yisra’el who did indeed play the harlot (Jeremiah 3:1-8; Ezekiel 16:15-28; Hosea 2:5).

The attitude of the Jews towards Gentiles has always been one of reproach. The House of Judah have been entrusted with the “Oracles of Elohiym” and they are the “lawgivers” (Genesis 49:10, Romans 3:2). But instead of bringing the lost sheep home to the Towrah after the Assyrian Captivity, they made it difficult for them by heaping added laws and traditions upon them (Matthew 23:4 & Luke 11:46). 

Similarly, Judah was making it difficult for Tamar to be redeemed because he was dodging her after he had already made a vow to send her his son Shelah. He was not planning to live up to his agreement, but then we see that he ends up becoming the kinsman redeemer any way when he is tricked by Tamar:

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray you, let me come in unto you; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What will you give me, that you may come in unto me?

17 And he said, I will send you a kid from the flock. And she said, Will you give me a pledge, till you send it?

*Note: We are once again seeing “Yom Kippur” typology here as Tamar asks for a pledge (an oath). And so Judah offers her the kid of a goat to be “sent,” just as our Messiah (who is also from the House of Judah) was promised to be the “sent goat” to redeem Yisra’el on Yowm Kippur!

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:18 And he said, What pledge shall I give you? And she said, Your signet, and your bracelets, and your staff that is in your hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him.

*Note: In Hebrew, the word signet is the word “chowtham” and it means “the name or the signature.” 

The Hebrew word for bracelet” is pathiyl and it means “cord, thread, ribbon.” 

The word for staff” is matteh,” and it means “branch or tribe.” 

Hence, Tamar is asking to be given his name or to be named after his tribe which is Yahuwdah (Judah) symbolized by the signet ring (signature). And she is asking for a covering (atonement) which is symbolized by the red ribbon (bracelet or cord) that is placed around the horns of the scapegoat on Yom Kippur. 

Later on, when Tamar bore twins, a red cord or bracelet was also placed on the arm of Zarah whose name “Rising of light.” Zarah symbolizes our Messiah who would later on, bear the red cord as the scapegoat, a symbol of his blood. Tamar was also asking for Judahs staff, which means “To be a grafted-in branch or part of his tribe.

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

19 And she arose, and went away, and laid by her vail from her, and put on the garments of her widowhood.

20 And Yahuwdah (Judah) sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamiteto receive his pledge from the woman’s hand: but he found her not.

*Note: Here Tamar (symbolic of Yisra’el) is taking off her veil and putting on her widows garments again. She is waiting for the day when she will give birth (Isaiah 54:1), and she will raise up seed for her dead husband (her Messiah). 

The Heavenly Father (typified in Judah) sent the kid of a goat (his only Son) by “The hand of a fit man” (according to Leviticus 16:21). Judah’s friend is named Adullamite which literally means “Justice for the people.” 

This is once again, Yom Kippur language, for on this day, the people are avenged of the injustices that were done to them. Born-again Yisra’el will be avenged of her enemies as seen in Revelation 19:2 at the second coming of Messiah (Jeremiah 23:5).

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place.

22 And he returned to Yahuwdah (Judah), and said, I cannot find her; and also the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place.

23 And Yahuwdah (Judah) said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, and you have not found her.

24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Yahuwdah (Judah), saying, Tamar your daughter in law has played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Yahuwdah (Judah) said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.

25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray you, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.

*Note: The House of Judah will in the last days finally recognize the other Lost Tribes of Yisra’el on Yom Kippur, just as Judah was about to recognize Tamar. Up until now, the Jews have not recognized the other “Ten Lost Tribes” that are called “Gentiles” and they are treating them as harlots even after they have been redeemed by the blood of Messiah (the sacrificial goat). 

The House of Judah is not willing to share their inheritance with the other tribes and there is an attitude of exclusivity that says “The Jews are the chosen people,” but they have forgotten that there are ten other tribes in the nations who are also chosen as well. 

In these last days, we are seeing the other tribes (the Gentiles) beginning to take on the sacred name of the Heavenly Father, YaHuWaH (the seal or the signet ring), and they are beginning to identify themselves with the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) through their Messiah, and they are accepting the blood atonement for their harlotry (the bracelets, the covering) and they are being grafted in as a wild branch (staff) into the House of Yahuwdah (Judah).

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

26 And Yahuwdah (Judah) acknowledged them, and said, She has been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.

27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that behold, twins were in her womb.

*Note: Here is a picture of the Ten Tribes of the Lost Sheep of Yisra’el (Gentiles) becoming grafted into the House of Yahuwdah and through this union, they give birth to “One new man” (Jew & Gentile) believers. 

This is the “Double Portion Inheritance” of Yahuwceph (Joseph) through his son Ephrayim whose name means “Double fruit.” The woman, Yisra’el who was “barren” in Isaiah 54:7 is about to become Doubly fruitful” because of her trouble (Isaiah 61:7). 

And she will then “Forget the shame and reproach of her widowhood” (Isaiah 54:4). Judah represents the Messiah (Melchizedek) who has become her kinsman redeemer, and Tamar represents the Lost Sheep of Yisra’el and they are giving birth to “One new man” symbolized by Tamar’s twins (Ephesians 2:15, Revelation 12:5) in these last days.

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.

*Note: Once again, we are seeing Yom Kippur language here as the “firstborn” son (Zarah) is a picture of the House of Judah who received firstborn status as the son of Leah in Genesis 49:8. But when Zarah drew back his hand, then his brother Pharez (who typifies the House of Ephrayim) came out instead. This teaches us that the “first becomes the last, and the last becomes the first.” 

Our Messiah taught us this principle when he stated that whoever would become the greatest in the kingdom, he would have to make himself the least (Luke 9:48). In Matthew 23:12, he said “And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.” 

We are seeing this principle born out with Tamar’s twins. The firstborn (Zarah) drew back his hand (in other words, he humbled himself), and he is the one who bore the red cord (the blood atonement). But Pharez pushed himself through (in other words, he exalted himself) and he was counted as the last to be born. Zarah symbolizes the living, resurrected Messiah, but Pharez represents the crucified Messiah. 

Pharez is the ancestor of our Messiah, according to Matthew 1:3, but Zarah is not in the ancestry line of our Messiah. So how does Zarah symbolize our Messiah? When the prodigal son returned home in Luke 15:23-30, he received the fatted calf as atonement for his sins (symbolic of the Red Heifer). However, the older brother (symbolic of Judah) did not receive the fatted calf, for he had not yet left the house of his father at that time in history. 

At Messiah’s first coming, he came to redeem the “The lost sheep of the House of Yisrael” symbolized by the prodigal son who had been “sent away” (like the scapegoat). 

But at Messiah’s second coming, he is coming for “The lost sheep of the House of Judah” who were also “sent away” after the Roman Siege in 70 A.D. 

At his first coming, he came to represent Tamars first twin (Zarah) who bore the scarlet thread, but at his second coming, he is coming to represent Tamars second twin (Pharez) as “The Lion of the Tribe of Judah” (Revelation 5:5). 

This is when he will avenge the blood of all those who came against his beloved Rachel (the House of Judah) as prophesied in Zechariah 12:9.

At Messiah’s first coming, because the younger twin (Pharez who also typifies Ephrayim) accepted the blood atonement for his sins (just like the prodigal son who received the fatted calf), he was then counted as the firstborn son. Even though Ephrayim was born last, when he is Born again of incorruptible seed,” he is called by the Heavenly Father “My firstborn son” (Jeremiah 31:9). 

However, the roles of these twins will be reversed in the last days, for at the second coming of Messiah, the older twin (Zarah) will then typify the House of Judah, as they will finally accept the blood atonement or the scarlet cord!

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:

29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How have you broken forth? this breach be upon you: therefore his name was called Pharez.

30 And afterward came out his brother that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.

The name of the second twin is “Pharez,” and his name means “breach” and the name of the first twin is “Zarah” which means “rising of light.” It means that the House of Judah (symbolized by Pharez) caused a breach or a split between the Two Houses of Yisrael when King Rehoboam refused to lighten the tax burdens of the people (1st Kings 12:4-16). 

But Zarah represents the Messiah who has “risen” from the dead in order to repair the breach between both houses. This means that both Houses of Yisra’el are going to be redeemed in the end on Yom Kippur by the one who bears the scarlet thread. 

In Isaiah 58:12, we read about a breach being repaired. What is this breach? It is a broken wall—a gap in the unity of the family of Yisra’el. That gap has already begun to be repaired by the one who has the scarlet thread. Pharez represents the House of Judah because the Jews have created a “breach” or a gap that has prevented the other Ten Tribes of Yisra’el from returning to the covenant.

In Ephesians 2:14-15, Paul speaks about a “Middle wall of partition” being broken down between Jews & Gentiles. What is this wall of partition? The House of Judah invented “Ordinances” (man-made laws) which prevented the Gentiles (lost sheep of Yisrael) from coming near the temple so that they might return back to the covenant. 

But our Messiah came to abolish these man-made ordinances in order to make of the two houses “One new man.” These were the ordinances that he “Blotted out” in Colossians 2:14 which were against the lost sheep. Yahuwshuwa did not blot out the Towrah (Mosaic Law). 

Our Messiah is like Zarah who came as the Yom Kippur goat bearing the scarlet thread as he came to “Repair the breach” (the gap between both houses of Yisra’el). The midwife said about Pharez “Let this breach be upon you” because the House of Yahuwdah (Jews) have been the ones who have prevented the other Ten Tribes from returning to the covenant. How did the Jews do this? They did it by doing what is called “Putting a fence around the Towrah.” 

This means that they added extra man-made rules and regulations, thereby making it difficult for the lost tribes to keep the covenant. But our Messiah came on behalf of the Tribe of Yahuwdah (Judah) to be the one to “Stand in the gap” for Judah’s sin of not performing the duty of a kinsman. But he also bore the sins of Yisra’el’s harlotry.

When our Messiah returns to judge the earth on that future Yom Kippur, it will be The Great & Terrible Day of YaHuWaH,” and justice will finally reign for the righteous bride. The friend of Judah who was used to send the goat to Tamar, his name is Adullamah which literally means “Justice for the people.” 

Adullamah represents the Ruwach haQodesh (Holy Spirit) who sent the scapegoat (Messiah) into the wilderness to fast for forty days. In the last days, “The spirit and the bride” plead with the bridegroom to return (Revelation 22:17). 

Our Messiah will return as the Lion of the Tribe of Yahuwdah to redeem both brides (typified in Leah & Rachel) and to help bring forth “the firstborn son” (Ephrayim) who is the repairer of the breach between both houses. 

But this firstborn son, (Ephrayim) will be given a new name, which is his Father YaHuWaHs name. And he will also grafted into the Tribe of Yahuwdah (Judah) with Messiah. Similarly, the prodigal son was given a new name by his father (symbolized by the signet ring) at his return! The kinsman redeemer will raise up a name for the widowed wife (Ephrayim-Yisra’el) and that name is the name of her husband, Yahuwshuwa who is from the House of Yahuwdah (Judah)!

Not only did he become the kinsman redeemer for Yisra’el, but he took the shame of the brother who refused to become the kinsman redeemer! 

Now, Yahuwshuwa is about to give birth to a man-child in these last days with his beloved bride Yisra’el (typified in Leah & Rachel) and when she gives birth to the “one new man” (Jew & Gentile, Ephrayim & Judah), the woman’s “firstborn son” (Ephrayim) will succeed in the name of her husband who is Yahuwshuwa the Lion of Yahuwdah (Judah)!

Hence, Ephrayim will become one with Yahuwdah (Judah) and there shall no longer be any distinction between Jew & Gentile, Ephrayim & Judah, for the blood of both (goat & bull) will be mixed together as one family and one bride on Yom Kippur!

Noah’s Ark & Yom Kippur Typology

In Hebrew, Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement.” The word for “kippur” is #H3725 in the Strong’s Concordance and it literally means: “atonement.”

However, the word “kippur” comes from the root-word #H3722: “kaphar” which means: to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch; pacify, propitiate.

Interestingly, in Genesis 6:14, YaHuWaH commanded Noah to cover the ark with “pitch” and this word is another root word from “kippur” which is #H3722, “kopher,” which has the following definitions: price of a liferansom, bribe, asphaltpitch (as a covering); the henna plant.

YaHuWaH poured out his wrath on the wicked people who mocked Noah, just as Messiah will also return to avenge the righteous on the Day of Wrath, which will take place on Yom Kippur. 

We just read the story of “Tamar” and her name means “palm-tree” or “cypress tree.” What is even more fascinating is that the “gopher wood” used to build the ark, is from the cypress tree!

The Henna plant is also known in Arabic as “alhena” which comes from the cypress tree. Tamar is a symbol of Yisra’el and she was “covered” when Judah “sent” her the kid of a goat by the hand of Adullamah (the fit man). 

Similarly, the ark that Noah built was “covered” with pitch or asphalt which is symbolic of our sins being covered by the blood of the lamb. When the ark was covered with pitch (kopher) this is what protected the ark from sinking. It water-proofed the boat and protected it!

Noah’s Ark finally “rested” after 150 days on the 17th day of the 7th month of Tishri, which was seven days after Yom Kippur! Noah’s name means “rest.” And so it was a Sabbath (seven days) following Yom Kippur when the ark rested, after YaHuWaH “atoned” for the sins of the earth by destroying the wicked and avenging the righteous. 

The inhabitants of the earth were the sacrificial goats because they refused to repent. And then Noah “sent” the dove (Genesis 8:8) to find rest for the sole of her feet. The dove is symbolic of the Holy Spirit who also “sent” Yahuwshuwa into the wilderness to be tempted for us as the scapegoat.

The Scarlet Thread & the Worm

There is a fascinating illustration revealed by design of our Creator in a certain type of worm called the coccus ilicis.” This illustration gives greater understanding to the role of the twin goats for Yom Kippur.

Tamar’s twin, Zarah had the scarlet thread placed upon his hand, and this is symbolic of the scarlet-colored blood which flowed out of our Messiah’s hands when he was nailed to the tree:

Tehilliym (Psalm) 22:16 “…..they pierced my hands and my feet.” 

The Hebrew word for “scarlet thread” in Genesis 38:29 is #H8144 “shaniy” which means the following: scarletcrimsonthe insect ‘coccus ilicis, the dried body of the female yielding colouring matter from which is made the dye used for cloth to colour it scarlet or crimson.

This female insect called the coccus ilicis” secrets a red fluid from her body that is used to dye all of the articles in the temple. The “scarlet thread” that was placed upon the hand of Tamar’s twin, Zarah is translated in Hebrew as the word “shaniy”  which is this coccus ilicis” worm!

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 1:18 “… though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.”

In this verse from Isaiah, the Hebrew word for “scarlet” is once again, shaniy,” which refers to this insect, coccus ilicis.” 

The word, “crimson” is the Hebrew word “towla” (#H8438) and is often used in conjunction with the word “scarlet.” They are synonymous with each other, but towla” refers to the worm, more than the color.

This grub, or scarlet worm, is found in a species of oak trees around the Mediterranean and is about the size of a pea. The female has a very round shape and a red color. This Hebrew word crimson (towla) is also translated as “a worm, a grub, a maggot” in scripture. 

There is a fascinating story behind this little worm, which will explain the profound meaning of this verse. When the life of the female coccus ilicis, (or scarlet worm) is nearing the end of her life, she climbs a tree and attaches her body to it, fixing herself so firmly and permanently, she virtually impales herself on the tree, and never leaves again. 

Just before she dies, her eggs hatch and she gives birth to her young. The eggs deposited beneath her body are now protected from predators. Then, after the larvae hatch they are able to enter their own life cycle. As the mother dies, crimson fluid from within her body, stains her own body and the surrounding wood she is attached to. She makes the ultimate sacrifice and because of her own death, her offspring are given new life. 

From the crushed, dried dead bodies of such female scarlet worms, the scarlet dye is extracted and used to dye wool red for the temple articles to include the veil where the High Priest would go to sprinkle the blood for Yom Kippur.

This dye is referred to in the scriptures is simply “scarlet” (the color), or “crimson” (the worm).

Tehilliym (Psalm) 22:6 speaks of Messiah: “But I am a worm, and not a man, A reproach of men, and despised by the people.” 

Beloved, it is no accident that Yahuwshuwa referred to himself as a worm in this prophecy. 

The Hebrew word for “worm” in Psalm 22:6 is “towla” (#H3216) which is also used in other passages for the English word “crimson,” which is the color of blood. This verse is actually saying, “But I am crimson,” referring to the “Coccus Ilicis Worm” as a metaphor for his very own blood that would be shed for us. He was impaled on a tree just as the female worm was impaled on a tree for her young so that we might live!

In addition to this, the crushed “coccus ilicis” contains a chemical that is an anti-bacterial agent which is why it was used in two types of purification ceremonies:

1.) When there was a plague, scarlet was included in the purification of the house. “And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet (Leviticus 14:52).

2.) The scarlet worm was also used in the formula with the ashes of the red heifer “And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer” (Leviticus 19:6).

These ashes were used to cleanse a person when they came into contact with a dead body (a host for bacteria). This crimson, the worm coccus ilicis, was necessary to make one clean, which is symbolic of the blood of Yahuwshuwa removing the sin of disease and death from us.

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised [crushed] for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

Ibriym (Hebrews) 9:13-14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Mashiyach (Messiah), who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to Elohiym, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohiym?

The scarlet cord (thread) is also referred to in the book of Joshua, when Rahab the harlot, hung a “scarlet” thread from her window, which preserved her life from the Yisra’elite invasion to come.

Yahuwshuwa (Joshua) 2:21 And she said, According unto your words, so be it. And she sent them away, and they departed: and she bound the scarlet line in the window.

You will notice that the two spies (symbolic of both houses of Yisra’el) departed just like the goat of departure! The scarlet cord that had been dyed using the scarlet worm’s body is used to identify the home of Rahab, who befriended the Yisra’eli spies, and it spared her life and her family from destruction. 

In the same way, we are chosen and identified by YaHuWaH, through the blood of Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach that washed our sins away. The last words of our Messiah when he died on the tree are also deeply profound in light of this metaphor of the ilicis worm:

Yahuwchanon (John) 19:30 When he had received the drink, Yahuwshuwa said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 

Interestingly, the word ilicis“ in Latin, literally means….it is finished!

Where have we heard this familiar phrase? These were the last words that he spoke when he died for us:

Yahuwchanon (John) 19:30 When Yahuwshuwa therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the spirit. 

The connection between the wool that comes from a lamb that his shorn, and the red dye that comes from this worm are now coming into focus:

Yeshayahuw (Isaiah) 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, says YHWH: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimsonthey shall be as wool.

Ibriym (Hebrews) 9:19 For when Mosheh had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people…

The bride of Messiah is typified as the woman in Proverbs 31:21 whose household is clothed in scarlet: “She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet (coccus ilicis).”

This means that the bride of Messiah is “covered” in the blood of the lamb!

The prophecy that Ya’aqob (Jacob) spoke over his son Yahuwdah (Judah) in Genesis 49:11 says that he would “Bind his foal unto the vine, and his donkey’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes.” This prophecy came to pass partially at his first coming when he road through Jerusalem on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9, Matthew 21:5).

But this same prophecy will be seen again in Revelation 19:13 about our Messiah, the Lion of the Tribe of Yahuwdah (Judah) and it says that “he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of Elohiym.” 

In Isaiah 63:1, the Messianic prophecy says that Messiah will come from “Edom” which is a word that means “scarlet red,” and it goes on to say that he “dyed his garments.” 

After dying to birth her young, something amazing takes place with this coccus ilicis worm. For a period of three days, the worm can be scraped from the tree and the crimson gel can be used to make a red dye. That dye was the same dye which was used in the tabernacle and in the garments of the High Priest.

On the morning of the fourth day, the worm has pulled the head and tail together and is now in the shape of a heart on the tree but it is no longer crimson. It is now a wax, which is white as snow. They can still harvest the wax and use it to make shellac, a preservative of wood. The crimson worm transforms our hearts into a clean (white) heart:

Tehilliym (Psalm) 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O Elohiym; and renew a right spirit within me.

The human heart does not look like the Valentines Day heart shape as some artists have depicted. As you can see, the crimson worm takes on the shape of a human heart after the third day! This crimson worm is also very fragrant when it is crushed, and it also used to make medicine. How fitting, since Yahuwshuwa is the healer of all our diseases! He is the only one that has the power to break the curse of sin and death, saving us from destruction---- Evangelistic Outreach Ministries, Box 56, Pedro, OH 45659

Give Us Bar Abba, Son of the Father!

We can also see yet another illustration of Yahuwshuwa fulfilling the pattern of the scapegoat on the Passover when he was crucified. In order to fully see this picture, we must look back at the first Exodus, when Pharaoh “sent” the firstborn sons (Yisra’el) out of Egypt that night. YaHuWaH killed (smote) their firstborn (the Egyptians) in exchange for his firstborn son (Yisra’el), and that parallels to when Pontius Pilate said the following:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 27:17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will you that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Yahuwshuwa which is called Mashiyach (Messiah)?

And so Yahuwshuwa represented both “The firstborn sons” of Egypt (Gentiles) who died in place of “The firstborn sons” of Yisra’el. But he also represented the Passover Lamb at the first Exodus who was slain to release the firstborn of Yisra’el. Similarly, Messiah fulfilled the scapegoat at his Passover when he would become the innocent lamb taking the place for the guilty party (the nation of Judah as well as the Roman Gentiles). Both the Romans as well as the House of Judah crucified him. Hence, he became the scapegoat for both the Jews and the Gentiles!

The word “scapegoat” means “The innocent party who takes the place of the guilty party.” The name Barabbas is actually Bar Abba which means “son of the Father” in Aramaic. Yahuwshuwa was now being released to symbolize that all of Yisra’el was being released from their debt of sin and Messiah was taking their place!

Shemoth (Exodus) 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

In Exodus 12:32, we can see how Pharaoh commanding Mosheh & Aharown (Moses & Aaron) to take the people out of Egypt is the same thing as when Bar Abba (Barabbas) was being released from prison. The firstborn of the Egyptians were like the sacrificial goat who were killed instead of the firstborn of the Yisraelites. In the next verse, we can see that Yisra’el “departed” and the term “scapegoat” literally means “goat of departure.”

Bemidbar (Numbers) 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Yisra’el went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.

On the night that our Messiah was arrested and brought before Caiaphas, Herod, and then Pilate, we can see this as a parallel of the night when Pharaoh sent for Moses & Aaron asking them to take the children of Yisra’el and leave Egypt. In this story, Pilate washed his hands of “innocent blood” as he recognized that Messiah was the innocent scapegoat for the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) for they were shouting “Let his blood be upon us” (Matthew 27:25). 

Similarly, Pharaoh also recognized that the blood of the innocent Passover Lambs had protected Yisra’el that night, but the firstborn sons of Egypt were not protected by the blood of the lamb. At the Messianic Passover, Pilate was about to release the guilty party (Barabbas) who was symbolic of the nation of Yisra’el and he was about to execute the Messiah in his place. Likewise, Pharaoah was about to release the children of Yisra’el from Egypt recognizing that the blood of the innocent Egyptian children as well as the blood of the Passover Lambs saved the Yisra’elites.

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 27:

24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see you to it.

25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

26 Then released he Bar Abba (Barabbas) unto them: and when he had scourged Yahuwshuwa , he delivered him to be crucified.

Was Yahuwshuwa Messiah a Human Sacrifice?

Many Jews discredit Yahuwshuwa as their Messiah because they say that he was a “human sacrifice,” but a human sacrifice is when someone’s life is taken from them against their will. When someone lays down their life as a ransom for another (becomes the scapegoat), he is not a human sacrifice!

The Babylonian Talmud even explains this:

In the Babylonian Talmud, (Makkot 23b-24a), it says:

Though the number 613 is mentioned in the Talmud, its real significance increased in later medieval rabbinic literature, including many works listing or arranged by the mitzvot. Three types of negative commandments fall under the yehareg ve’al ya’avor, meaning ‘One should let himself be killed rather than violate it.

These Towrah commands for which the Talmud states that we should be willing to die for rather than to violate are: murder, idolatry, and forbidden sexual relations. 

And so this begs the question: “Which of these commandments did Yahuwshuwa allow himself to be killed for, rather than to violate them?”

Well, first of all, we know that YaHuWaH married the nation of Yisra’el in Exodus 19, when he took vows with them on Mount Sinai. Then, Mosheh (Moses) returned after forty days with the Ten Commandments in stone “Written with the finger of Elohiym.” When Moses returned to find them whoring with the molten calf, they were committing spiritual adultery. 

That is why Moses broke the tablets, to symbolize that YaHuWaH was divorcing them as a nation. And so from that point moving forward, instead of having Melchizedek as their eternal High Priest, now the sons of Aharown (Aaron) became their High Priest year after year on Yom Kippur. However, the sons of Aaron were mere mortal men who would often-times die behind the veil in the Holy of Holies, because they were imperfect. This would mean that the nation was not always atoned for each year on Yom Kippur.

It would appear that YaHuWaH had a dilemma. He would not violate his covenant promises to Abraham and his descendants, so he had to remain married to the backslider (Jeremiah 3:14). Yet in Jeremiah 3:8, he officially divorced Yisra’el, even though he promised to marry them again at a later time in the future (Isaiah 62:4).

But this would mean that he would be violating Deuteronomy 24:1-4 & Jeremiah 3:1 where it states that once a wife has been divorced by her husband, if she marries another, she may never go back to her first husband. In Hosea 2:7, we read that Yisra’el went after her lovers (false gods), but in the last days, she would return to her first husband. So how could this happen without YaHuWaH violating Deuteronomy 24:4? In order for him to honor his covenant with Abraham and still be true to his Towrah, he had to die, rather than to violate it! 

Aha! The Talmud even says that one should let himself be killed rather than to violate the Towrah! 

Now we understand why our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa allowed himself to be killed! Had he not laid down his life as a ransom, he could not have been the kinsman redeemer for Yisra’el as well as the ransom for Judah!

In the Towrah, if a man’s ox (symbolized by the first letter in the Hebrew Alphabet) called the א Aleph” kills another human being and the animal’s owner was aware that this ox had the habit of trying to gore people to death in times past, then the ox would be killed and the owner of the ox would be killed also. If there was a sum of money that the family of the dead required, then the owner would pay the sum of money as a ransom for his own life, but the ox would still die:

Shemoth (Exodus) 21:

28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

29 But if the ox were known to push with his horn in time past, and it has been testified to his owner, and he has not kept him in, but that he has killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.

The א Aleph” or the ox, (the red heifer) is a picture of the Ten Lost Tribes of Yisra’el (Hosea 4:16, 10:11), and they were known to kill the prophets who came to them. Yahuwshuwa is the owner of the א heifer (ox) and he came to give his life as a ransom for the א heifer (ox) as well as those whom the א heifer (ox) had killed. 

In Numbers 19, the law of the Red Heifer is detailed for when somebody had touched a dead body. The Red Heifer had to be escorted “outside” of the city limits of Jerusalem and then killed. The House of Ephrayim had been divorced by YaHuWaH in Jeremiah 3:8 and they were considered “outsiders” by the House of Judah. 

If any member of the House of Ephrayim (Gentiles) went near the temple, rabbinic tradition said that they would be killed. This is why Yahuwshuwa became the Red Heifer, to cleanse those who were worthy of being killed and who were “afar off from the covenant” (Ephesians 2:17).

The person who had touched a dead body would cleanse himself with the ashes of the Red Heifer on “the third day” and on the “seventh day” he would be clean. Our Messiah died on the 4th day of the week and then on the 3rd day from his crucifixion, he cleansed the House of Yisra’el when he resurrected on the 7th day of the week (Sabbath). 

Those who had taken his body down from the cross would have been unclean and they would not have been able to partake of the Passover sacrifice that year. But since he became the Red Heifer for them, they were able to partake of the Passover Lamb!

Mishle (Proverbs) 13:8 The ransom of a man’s life are his riches: but the poor hears not rebuke.

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Yahuwchanon (John) 10:18 No man takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father (Towrah).

Yahuwshuwa gave his life as a ransom as well as the “bride price” that was required to redeem the lost sheep of Yisra’el:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 27:

6 And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.

7 And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter’s field, to bury strangers in.

8 Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day.

9 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Yisra’el did value;

10 And gave them for the potter’s field, as YHWH appointed me.

*Note: In Jeremiah 19:11, the word of YaHuWaH came to Jeremiah: “.....Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaks a potter’s vessel,that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury.”

Then, in Jeremiah 32:9, the redemption price for the House of Judah was valued at seventeen shekels of silver, which is the equivalent of thirty pieces of silver mentioned in Zechariah 11:12 & Matthew 27:9. Historical evidence for this fact can be found in this article:

This is why Matthew attributes this prophecy to Jeremiah, because it began with the word of YaHuWaH which came to him. 

The potter’s vessel made of clay symbolizes the House of Judah who would be broken, without remedy just as Messiah’s body was broken when he was sacrificed for them!

Due to a different order of books in the Minor Prophets, the scroll of the Minor Prophets, beginning with the book of Jeremiah and ending with the book of Zechariah were all in one scroll originally, hence the reason why Matthew attributes this prophecy to Jeremiah, even though it is in the book of Zechariah. We can read here about the “bride price” which was required for the divorced Ten Tribes of Yisra’el (Ephrayim):

Zekaryahuw (Zechariah) 11:

10 And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

11 And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word of YHWH.

12 And I said unto them, If you think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.

13 And YHWH said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prized at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of YHWH.

Yahuwshuwa purchased the House of Judah and the House of Ephrayim with his own blood. He paid the bride price, just like Jeremiah and just like Zechariah! 

So you see, he was not a human sacrifice, for he allowed himself to be killed rather than to violate the Towrah! In order for him to obey the Towrah by becoming the kinsman redeemer for both Houses of Yisra’el, he had to die in place of brother Judah (symbolic of Onan) who refused to become the kinsman redeemer for Tamar. 

And when he resurrected, he would then become the “promised son” (typified in Shelah) as well as the “living heir,” typified in Judah, the Father, whose tribe is after the order of Melchizedek!

Yahuwshuwa also took the sins of the ox א(the Red Heifer) for the House of Ephrayim was called a “heifer” in Hosea 10:11, and they were known to kill the prophets who were sent to them. He also had a “bride price” laid upon him to redeem Yisra’el and to make her his bride again!

That bride price was thirty pieces of silver (equal to seventeen shekels) as foretold by the prophet Jeremiah & Zechariah. And finally, Yahuwshuwa fulfilled the role of the “kinsman redeemer” for the backsliding wife, Yisra’el who became a harlot (typified in Tamar). 

He also fulfilled the scapegoat and bore the shame of Judah for his unwillingness to perform the duty of a kinsman redeemer for the other Ten Lost Tribes of Yisra’el. The Heavenly Father (typified in Judah) put on human flesh and became “The Son” who was sent as a scapegoat to Yisra’el (typified in Tamar). 

YaHuWaH himself performed the duty of a kinsman redeemer for Yisra’el and he gave his life as the sacrificial goat (the ransom) for the House of Judah. 

And now we can see why Yahuwshuwa referred to himself as “The first and the last” in Revelation 1:8, for he came to represent the “The firstborn” symbolized by the first letter in the Hebrew Alphabet, the א Aleph” and he also came to represent the last-born symbolic of the last letter in the Hebrew Alphabet, called the ת 

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