The Hebrew word “coats” in the above passage is as follows:
#H3801 kethoneth, meaning “to cover, a garment, a robe.”
In Leviticus 23:27, we are commanded to have a “Day of Atonement” (Yom Kippur).
The Hebrew word for “atonement” (kippur) is #H3725.
The very next verse is interesting, because it uses two different words for the English word “atonement.”
Wayiqra (Leviticus) 23:28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement (kippur), to make an atonement (kaphar) for you before YHWH your Elohiym.
The first time the word “atonement” is used in the above verse, it is the Hebrew word “kippur,” and the second time in the verse, it says “kaphar.”
Kippur or “kippuriym,” is plural for the word “kaphar,” which literally means “to cover.”
Thus, the first mention of someone being “covered” (after they had sinned), was in Genesis 3:21, where we are shown that Adam & Chawah (Eve) were clothed (covered). YaHuWaH obviously shed the blood of a lamb, and made coats of skins for them.
Now, I know what many of you are thinking. You are saying to yourselves “Maria, where does it say that YaHuWaH slaughtered a lamb to make coats of skins for them?”
Some people purport that Adam & Eve did not have skin on them until after the fall. They say that they were simply “disembodied spirit beings,” like an aura of light. They say that after the fall, they were made “flesh and blood.” Beloved, this belief is rooted in Gnosticism, and is not supported by Scripture.
Those who purport that Adam & Eve were not flesh and blood until after the fall, did not read the previous chapter in Genesis 2, where man was created from the dust of the earth. The Hebrew word for “dust,” (aphar) means “dirt, clay.” Before the fall, Adam & Eve were made of flesh and blood, as seen in Genesis 2:23. The Hebrew word for “flesh,” (basar), means “flesh, skin.”
Modern Science has even proven that human flesh contains the same mineral content as soil, thus confirming that we are made from dirt. See the links below:
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 2:7 And YHWH Elohiym formed man of the dust [aphar, earth, clay] of the ground, and breathed, into his nostrils, the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 2:23 And Adam said, this is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh [basar, body, person, flesh, skin]: she shall be called woman.
Another reason why we can be sure that an animal was slaughtered to make the coats of skins for Adam & Eve, is because of what it says in the book of Hebrews:
Ibriym (Hebrews) 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
This means the first blood atonement for sins took place after Adam & Eve ate of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. If there had not been atonement made for them, they could not have qualified to be the ancestors of our Messiah, according to the genealogical record in Luke 3:23-38.
There are hints in the story between Genesis 3:7-21, where we are shown a prophetic shadow picture of Messiah as the ultimate atonement for sins.
Stay with me, and you are going to see a clear contrast between the pride of humanity, versus the humility of our Messiah. In Genesis 3:7, we are told that Adam & Eve sewed fig leaves together to “COVER THEMSELVES!”
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
Obviously, YaHuWaH did not accept vegetation as a proper COVERING FOR SIN!
Adam and Eve were trying to “hide” their sin, rather than confess their sin.
Mishley (Proverbs) 28:13 He that covers his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesses and forsakes them, shall have mercy.
Before YaHuWaH covered their sin with skins, he wanted them to first recognize their nakedness. He wanted them to be spiritually naked, (fully exposed), so they could see the depravity of their own fallen nature:
Ibriym (Hebrews) 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
Adam & Eve were trying to cover themselves physically, but that was like “putting the cart before the horse.” YaHuWaH was after something else that could not be attained by covering the exterior. He wanted them to have “A broken and contrite heart.”
Tehillym (Psalm) 51:17 The sacrifices [zebach] of Elohiym are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, O Elohiym, you will not despise.
This reminds me of Matthew 23:25, when our Messiah said the following words to the religious leaders:
“Woe, unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you make clean the outside of the cup, and of the platter, but within, they are full of extortion, and excess.”
It was only after YaHuWaH allowed them to be naked and exposed, (thereby causing them to be humbled), that he covered their nakedness with animal skins.
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 3:21 Unto Adam, also and to his wife, did YHWH Elohiym make coats of skins, and clothed them.
The Hebrew word for “skins” is #H5785, “owr” which literally means “skin, hide, leather.”
However, the root word is #H5783 “uwr” meaning “To be bare, to be made naked.” What this means, is that Yah had to use the skins of other naked creatures to cover Adam & Eve with. In other words, an animal became their substitute for sins, “Until the seed should come” (Galatians 3:19).
In Genesis 4:3, Cain brought forth the fruit of the ground (vegetation), as an offering unto YaHuWaH. In Genesis 4:4, Abel brought the “firstlings of his flock.” The Hebrew word “firstling” is #H1062 “bekorah,” which means “birthright.”
In other words, only by the blood of a lamb are we counted worthy to be born-again into our birthright or our inheritance. The Hebrew word for “flock” is #H6629 “tsone” which means “a goat or a lamb.”
What are we seeing here? We are seeing that Abel brought forth the only thing that could account him worthy to be called “The firstborn.” What was it that gave Yisra’el the right to be called “my firstborn son?”
Shemoth (Exodus) 4:22 And you shall say unto Pharaoh, Thus says YHWH, Yisra’el is my son, even my firstborn.
Shemoth (Exodus) 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out, from the sheep, or from the goats.
What are we seeing here? Cain was the firstborn (just like Esau), and Abel was the second born (just like Jacob). And yet, Esau (being physically born first), did not inherit the promise. Jacob, (being the second born), inherited the promise, because he was zealous for what YaHuWaH had to offer.
He valued it, whereas Esau did not. And the same thing was true of Cain. He only offered vegetation, which is not an acceptable offering to cover sin. Why? Because cultivating crops is something that one does “With the works of his own hands.”
In other words, it is easy to take pride in your own work, and thus begin to believe that you are righteous on your own. However, a shepherd, (which is what Abel was), had to learn relationship with his sheep in order to bring them up properly.
Cain was filled with pride, and thought his own works had value apart from YaHuWaH. Conversely, Abel was humble, and was willing to give the best of his flocks to make an acceptable offering before YaHuWaH.
In other words, Abel valued relationship, whereas Cain valued his own accomplishments, which is rooted in pride.
It was only after Adam & Eve were put on trial, that they had to come “FACE-TO-FACE” with YaHuWaH, and acknowledge their sin. And once they recognized their sin, YaHuWaH made coats of skins for them.
In other words, Yom Kippur means “Day of Covering!”
YaHuWaH himself, manifested as the High Priest, (Melchizedek). This was the pre-incarnate Messiah, Yahuwshuwa who “Walked among them” in the Garden. This means that Yahuwshuwa had a visible form, an eternal existence before he came to earth in a mortal human body.
But how can we know it was our Messiah, that Adam & Eve saw?
Yahuwchanon (John) 1:18 tells us that “No man has seen Elohiym at any time...”
Yahuwchanon (John) 6:46 tells us that “No man has seen the Father, save he which is of Elohiym..”
Therefore, Adam & Eve did see the Father, but in his visible form, which is our Messiah.
Colossians 1:15 says that our Messiah is “The image of the invisible Elohiym..”
It was our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa as Malkiy Tzedeq (Melchizedek) who came down and walked among Adam & Eve, and it was he who performed the first “Yom Kippur” sacrifice to “Cover the nakedness of their sin.”
The entire book of Hebrews reveals that Yahuwshuwa is our eternal High Priest even from eternity past.
Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:24 But this man, because he continues ever, has an unchangeable priesthood.
In Leviticus 16, the High Priest is commanded to cast lots to see which of the “twin goats” would be “killed,” and which one would be “sent away.”
Immediately after YaHuWaH “killed” a lamb and “covered” Adam & Chawah (Eve), he had to “send them away” from the garden as a picture of the “SCAPEGOAT.”
How does Adam & Eve represent the scapegoat?
The word “scapegoat” literally means “goat of departure” (Azazel) in Hebrew. However, the dictionary defines scapegoat as “The innocent party that takes the blame for the guilty party.”
Adam & Eve were not innocent, for they had disobeyed Elohiym when they ate of the forbidden fruit. However, the main culprit was the serpent. It was the serpent that beguiled (deceived) Eve, and subsequently, Eve convinced her husband (Adam) to eat the forbidden fruit as well.
In Genesis 4:1, after YaHuWaH made atonement for Adam & Chawah (Eve), they “conceived” and bore two sons: Qayin (Cain) & Hebel (Abel).
Why is it important that Eve conceived after atonement was made for her?
Because, in Numbers chapter 5, there is an ordinance called “The Law of Jealousy,” for when a wife is suspected to have committed adultery on her husband, but there were no eye witnesses.
In such cases, a spirit of jealousy would be sent to her husband, and he would suspect his wife. He would then take her to the priest in the Temple to perform this ordinance. This ordinance was a test to reveal if the wife had committed adultery or not.
If the wife was had not been defiled, she would be free from guilt, and she would be able to go home and conceive a child with her husband.
Even though Eve was guilty of committing spiritual adultery (when she obeyed the serpent), atonement was made for her, and thus, she was freed from her guilt, and able to bear children.
Eve conceiving was a sign from YaHuWaH that her sin was covered. This also explains what Paul meant when he wrote the following:
1st Timothy 2:13 For Adam was first formed, then Eve.
1st Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
1st Timothy 2:15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
The names of these two brothers tells a story of BOTH HOUSES OF YISRA’EL:
The name “Cain” (Qayin) comes from a root word in Hebrew:
#7069 qanah kaw-naw' a primitive root; to erect, i.e. create; by extension, to procure, especially by PURCHASE (causatively, sell); by implication to own:--attain, buy(-er), teach to keep cattle, get, PROVOKE TO JEALOUSY, possess (-or), PURCHASE, RECOVER, REDEEM.
Howshea (Hosea) 4:17 Ephrayim is joined to idols: let him alone.
Chazown (Revelation) 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and has AVENGED the blood of his servants at her hand.