Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Was it Passover or the Last Supper?

By Maria Merola אריאל 

© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, March 2018

Have you ever wondered why Modern-day Judaism observes the Feast of Passover & the Feast of Unleavened Bread as if they are just ONE FEAST?

If YaHuWaH commands us to keep SEVEN FEASTS, annually, why do so many behave as if there are only SIX FEASTS, by combining Passover and Unleavened Bread into one feast on the night of the 15th of Abib?

During Passover Week, there are Three DISTINCT FEASTS on three SEPARATE NIGHTS:

1.) Pesach (Passover) sundown on the 13th of Abib, which then becomes the 14th of Abib/Nisan.
2.) Unleavened Bread (Matzah), sundown on the 14th of Abib, which then becomes the 15th of Abib/Nisan.
3.) Day of First-Fruits (Yom haBikkuriym) on the 1st day of the week following the Passover. This means, at sundown, on the first weekly Sabbath after Passover (Saturday Night at sundown, going into all day on Sunday).

The historical truth is, the two feasts were kept on two separate, and distinct nights, until after the Babylonian Captivity.

A quote from “Yahweh’s Restoration Ministry,” at their website confirms what I have been seeing in the Scriptures since I first began celebrating Passover in 2004 all by myself.

“When the Jews returned from Babylon under Ezra, they first observed two days, the first for Passover and the second for the first day of the Feast [of Unleavened Bread]. But in a later shift, they merged Passover and Unleavened Bread.”

The article states in another section:

The Jews freely admit that the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread were at one time two separate festivals. However, following their return from Babylon, the two were merged into one observance, and Passover is now kept by Jews on Abib 15. That they kept Passover a day late is clear from John’s Evangel.

“Then led they Yahshua from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover” (John 18:28).

The Encyclopedia Judaica admits that the Jews have fused the two observances and now keep Passover a day late on the 15th, observing it along with the first day of Unleavened Bread:

“The feast of Passover consists of two parts: the Passover ceremony, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Originally, both parts existed separately; but at the beginning of the exile they were combined” (Vol. 13, “Passover,” p. 169).

“Yahweh’s Restoration Ministry” article ends here.

The Towrah makes it clear that we are commanded to celebrate each of these feasts distinctly on the 14th & the 15th (Passover & Unleavened Bread). The Day of First-Fruits/Resurrection Day is to be kept on the day after the weekly Sabbath following the Passover. And finally, we are to observe the last night of Unleavened Bread on the 21st of Abib, for a total of eight nights (see Exodus 12:18). The seven days when we continue to eat unleavened bread, commences on the 15th of Abib (see Leviticus 23:6-8).

*Note: First-fruits does not always fall on the 18th of Abib, but it did fall on the 18th at the first Passover in Egypt, and also at the Passover of our Messiah.

Leviticus 23:9-16 says that the Feast of First-Fruits is to take place on the day after the WEEKLY SABBATH FOLLOWING PASSOVER.

Some people think this means the HIGH SABBATH of Unleavened Bread. However, this is easily cleared up by knowing that the Hebrew word for the weekly Sabbath is “Shabbat” (#H7676 in the Strong’s Concordance).

However, the annual High Sabbath is called “Shabbatown” (#H7677 in the Strong’s Concordance). 

Spring Feast #1 Celebrated on the 14th of Abib:

On the night of the 14th of Abib (Passover), we commemorate when the death angel PASSED OVER the homes of the Israelites in Egypt.

We also commemorate (on the very same night) of the 14th of Abib (Passover), when our Messiah caused us to PASS OVER from the BROKEN COVENANT into the RENEWED COVENANT (Jeremiah 31:31-33; Hebrews 8:8-10 & 10:16). Yahuwshuwa held up the cup of wine and said the following words:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 26:28 For this is my blood of the Renewed Covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

*Note: This was NOT the last supper, this was a true rite of passage called Passover!

Spring Feast #2 Celebrated on the 15th of Abib:

On the night of the 15th of Abib (Unleavened Bread), we remember when Israel DEPARTED out of Egypt.

Numbers 33:3-4 corroborates the timing of this event:

3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the Passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians. 

4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which YHWH had smitten among them: upon their gods also YHWH executed judgments.

We also remember on the 15th of Abib (Unleavened Bread), that our Messiah DEPARTED after he died, and went to the lowest parts of the earth, and gave gifts unto men (see Ephesians 4:8-9). 

Exodus 12:42 refers to this night of the 15th of Abib as “A NIGHT TO BE MUCH OBSERVED.”

“It is a night to be much observed unto YHWH for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of YHWH to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.”

Spring Feast #3 Originally Celebrated on the 18th of Abib:

*Note: In the year when Israel crossed the Red Sea (after a 3-day journey from Egypt), and also in the year that our Messiah died, it happened to be three days after Unleavened Bread. However, First-Fruits does not always fall three days after Unleavened Bread. As previously explained, we are commanded to observe First-Fruits on the first day of the week following the weekly Sabbath that follows the Passover.

Three days later, on the 18th of Abib, (First-Fruits), we remember that Israel CROSSED OVER from DEATH TO LIFE, as they walked across the Yam Cuwph (Sea of Reeds) aka The Red Sea.

They first DESCENDED into the depths of the sea, and then they ASCENDED as they reached the other side to victory and life.

Three days later, on the 18th of Abib, (First-Fruits), we remember that our Messiah CROSSED OVER from DEATH TO LIFE, as he TOOK THE KEYS OF DEATH & HELL AWAY FROM THE DEVIL.

First he DESCENDED, and then he ASCENDED to the throne in heaven where he presented before the Father, those souls who were his FIRST-FRUITS from among the dead.

Thus he resurrected, and caused others to resurrect with him (see Matthew 27:53-53, Romans 8:23; 16:6; Colossians 1:18; Ephesians 4:8-9; Revelation 1:18).

Our Messiah first DESCENDED to the lowest parts of the earth, and then he also ASCENDED to the Father to present his wave sheaf offering of souls as his first-fruits!

One final thought, for those who are still confused:

The 14th of Abib (Passover) is a preparation day, indeed. However, the Feast of Unleavened Bread is inclusive of all eight days (the 14th of Abib through the 21st of Abib is eight days). The Passover Lamb Slaughter is a separate ordinance from the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The slaughter took place in Egypt at the beginning of the 14th---not at the end of the 14th.

YaHuWaH designed it to be “between the evenings” (or between the two sunsets on the 14th of Abib). In Hebrew the term is “beyn haerebiym (between the two evenings). 

Some people think this term means “between the morning and evening sacrifice,” and indeed, it does mean this as well---in some cases. However, because of the events of the Exodus in Egypt, we have to conclude that this term “beyn haerebiym (between the evenings) means between the two sunsets on the 14th of Abib. Remember, there was no temple in Egypt, so there was no precedence yet for the “morning and evening sacrifice.”

Why did Yah design it to be this way? Because he knew that later on in history there would be Two Houses of Yisra’eland they were going to have two evenings for slaughtering in 1st Century Jerusalem.

The Sadducees slaughtered their lambs on the evening of the 14th (just after the sun went down on the 13th). The Pharisees did it just before the sun went down on the 15th, the following evening.

Additionally, each family did a personal lamb slaughter at their homes on the night of the 14th. On the following evening (the 15th), they celebrated at the Temple and participated in a community Passover Meal.

Yahuwshuwa had to eat the Passover Meal the night before he died, otherwise he was in violation of the Towrah, and therefore unfit to be the sinless Lamb of Elohiym the next day!

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