Friday, March 17, 2023

What Are the Doctrines of the Essenes?

 By Maria Merola אריאל 

© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, August 2002-2023

The Book of Jubilees, sometimes called the “Lesser Genesis,” or “Little Genesis,” or “The Testament of Moses,” is a Pseudepigraphal work of Jewish apocalyptic literature. The term Pseudepigraphal,” means that it is falsely attributed to the wrong author.

An example of this is with the Book of Chanowk (Enoch), which is falsely attributed to the Patriarch Enoch, but was not written until about 300 B.C. -100 A.D. through a collection of writings, all written by various authors. The Book of Enoch, is also referred to as a Pseudepigraphal,” work, because it was not written by the original Enoch. See the following link to learn more: The Book of Enoch Debunked

The Book of Jubilees was probably written in the second century B.C., sometime between 135 and 105. The Book of Jubilees records an account of biblical history from the creation of the world to the time of Moses, as delivered to Moses by an angel on Mount Sinai. The Hebrew word for angel is malak, which means the following: “A priest, prophet, king, messenger, teacher.” 

This is a strong indicator that the malak, was the Pre-Incarnate Messiah, who literally gave the Torah “Written with the finger of Elohiym” (Exodus 9:10 & Deuteronomy 31:18).

The Book of Jubilees divides history into periods or “jubilees” of 49 years. Generally, the Book of Jubilees follows the account of creation as recorded in the Book of Genesis, but it inserts interesting details such as the names of Adam’s daughters and the creation of angels.

Some scholars consider the Book of Jubilees to be an extended midrash on Genesis through the first part of Exodus. The only complete text of the Book of Jubilees still extant is an Ethiopic manuscript from the sixth century A.D., and it contains 1,307 verses.

Most scholars believe that the book was originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic. That theory is bolstered by the discovery among the Dead Sea Scrolls of fragmented Hebrew texts containing portions of the Book of Jubilees. So far, at least fifteen separate manuscripts of the Book of Jubilees have been identified at Qumran. All have been reduced to fragments----“The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Book of Jubilees,” VanderKam, J., and Morgan, S., The Missouri Review, the College of Arts & Science of the University of Missouri, 12/1/1992.

These fragments provide only about 3 percent of the total content of the book. There are also some fragments of Jubilees existing today in Greek and Latin, but nowhere near a complete book in either of those languages or in Hebrew. 

According to the Book of Jubilees, on Mt. Sinai “The malak of the presence spoke to Moses according to the word of YHWH, saying:

Write the complete history of the creation (Jubilees 2:1, Charles, R. H., trans., 1902). This malak (angel) told Moses that Elohiym created various categories of malakiym (angels) on the first day of creation. Great stress is laid on the Sabbath in Jubilees 2:17–32. 

In chapter 3, Adam and Eve are in Eden for a period of seven years. Then, after “seven years exactly,” the serpent tempted Eve (Jubilees 3:17). According to Jubilees, it was only after the fall that Adam had sex with his wife (Jubilees 3:34). However, this is contrary to scripture, since YaHuWaH commanded Adam & Eve to be fruitful and to multiply at the time that he first created them:

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 1:27  So Elohiym created man in his own image, in the image of Elohiym created he him; male and female created he them.  

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 1:28 And Elohiym blessed them, and Elohiym said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth. 

There is no mention in the creation account in Genesis, that Adam & Eve only procreated after the fall. This seems to imply that married couples having sex is dirty and sinful. This aligns with the celibacy commands of the Roman Catholic nuns and priests, which the Apostle Shaul (Paul) warned us about in 1st Timothy 4:1-5. 

Jubilees, the fourth chapter, introduces Noah and his wife (who is named Emzara). Chapter 5 narrates the flood. The author of Jubilees writes that, after the flood, Elohiym says to Noah, “Command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according to this reckoning—three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute a complete year” (Jubilees 5:32). 

The 364-day solar year (rather than the 360-day lunar year) is one of the main thrusts of the Book of Jubilees. Some scholars have pointed out that it appears that Jubilees was written precisely for the purpose of pushing the author’s commitment to a solar-based calendar. 

Once again, this is contrary to the Torah, which says in Genesis 1:14-16 to observe the sun, the moon, and the stars for “seasons.”

In Jubilees, it is suggested that Elohiym is concerned that his people might “disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged . . . and they will neglect their ordinances” (Jubilees 6:33). 

While it is true that the sun governs the days and years, the moon governs the months. So, in Jubilees, to prevent confusion and to keep holy days from getting “dislodged,” they authors claim that Elohiym instituted the 364-day solar calendar.

However, this, (once again) is contrary to scripture, as we are shown in Genesis 7:24 & 8:23, that the ark built by Noah rested on the waters for 150 days, which is 5 months of 30-day lunar cycles:

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 7:24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. 

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 8:3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.

Under the calendar put forth in the Book of Jubilees, the number seven is a denomination of  364 days, therefore, the same date falls on the same day of the week each year (e.g., every year on Passover, it will always fall on the same day of the week). 

The command governing the calendar reflects another major emphasis in Jubilees: the laws concerning Sabbaths, Passover, First-fruits, and other holy days. 

The author of Jubilees claims that the feasts of the YHWH were observed by the patriarchs long before the time of Moses (which I do agree with). Although scripture appears to be silent about this, there are enough hints in Scripture that this may be the case.

Circumcision is also stressed in the book, which promises “Great wrath from YaHuWaH” on uncircumcised Israelites (Jubilees 15:40). 

This is contrary to what the Apostle Shaul (Paul) wrote in Romans & Galatians, stating that outward circumcision is merely a sign of the covenant, but not a means to salvation, and never was. Shaul (Paul) openly rebuked the teachings of the Essenes, even though he did not name them. In Colossians 2:14-18, he is addressing their false doctrines, such as worshiping angels, and eliminating the new moons as part of their unbiblical calendar.

The author of the Book of Jubilees was probably an Essene member of the Qumran community—the people who copied and preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls. Theological and cultural details within the book differ from the teachings of both the Pharisees and the Sadducees. 

The calendar system advocated in Jubilees is the one used in other Essene writings. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is the only group today that accepts the Book of Jubilees as canonical. 

There are several problems with including the Book of Jubilees in the Bible as part of inspired Scripture. Probably the most significant is that the author of Jubilees, in retelling the story of Genesis, as he changes the biblical record in several respects. 

In general, the patriarchs are glorified as holy men who were scrupulous in keeping the Torah (law)—even the ceremonial aspects—long before Moses climbed Sinai. 

As portrayed in the Book of Jubilees, Jacob does not lie to his father; Isaac eventually declares Jacob to be his true heir, an elderly Jacob settles on Leah as the wife he loves, and Abram’s deceit of Pharaoh is never mentioned. 

Clearly, these heroes of the faith are handled with kid gloves by the author of Jubilees; in contrast, Scripture presents a candid record of their faults. Further, the Book of Jubilees adds to the Torah (Law of Moses), and goes far beyond Scripture in it's stress on punishment. 

For example, a father who gives his daughter in marriage to a Gentile “shall surely die, and they shall stone him with stones . . . and they shall burn the woman with fire” (Jubilees 30:11–12). This is more in alignment with the religion of Islam. There were plenty of Patriarchs who married women from the nations, to include Moses, who married an Ethiopian (Cushite) woman.

Adding to the Bible, the Book of Jubilees says that during the Feast of Tabernacles (which Abraham first celebrated) Israel is to “set wreaths upon their heads” and carry branches around the altar seven times each morning (Jubilees 16:39, 41). 

Also, Jubilees stipulates the type of wood to be used for the fire of the burnt offering (Jubilees 21:16–19). In summary, the Book of Jubilees adds to the Torah (Mosaic Law), and leans toward hagiography. This means that it embellishes about the history of the lives of qowdeshiym (saints), and adds more details than what Scripture teaches). Jubilees also introduces sectarian teachings regarding the calendar, and lacks sufficient manuscript evidence. 

For each of these reasons, the Book of Jubilees fails the standards of the canon of Scripture.

There are two fundamental problems existing with the book of Jubilees, and the teachings of the Gnostic Essenes:

1.) Jewry being infiltrated by Greek Hellenism, in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes IV in 167 B.C.

2.) The later corruptions of Judaism in the first century, when Rabbinical Judaism supplanted the original teachings of the Torah & Prophets.

3.) The teachings of Rome & Greece, which infiltrated the Gospel message within the first 300 years after Messiah died, which ultimately led to the invention of Roman Catholicismy under the Roman Emperor, Constantine

There is compelling evidence that Yahuwdiym (Jews) participated in Greek gymnasiums, and attended Greek philosophical schools, and there is also evidence that Christians were practicing Jewish customs as late as the fourth century.

If we presume that the Second Temple Jewish tendency towards asceticism; and the rabbinic tendency towards indulgence represent polemical responses to outside enemies, (incompatible with their own lifestyles), we easily forget the internal conflicts within these Jewish communities that also helped these groups to formulate their identities. 

As unsatisfying as it is, the question of whether there is a direct sociocultural link between these attitudes may be lost for perpetuity. Although we may not be able to know how this change occurred, we can nevertheless appreciate the ingenuity of the rabbis in nurturing the experiential and sensual aspects of Judaism.

By encouraging marital intimacy on the Sabbath, and by composing blessings for even the basest of bodily functions, Rabbinic traditions invite us to merge our physical surroundings with our religious identities. Rather than live in tension between indulging physical necessity and transcending these needs to attain spiritual meaning, Rabbinic Judaism helps us to attain spiritual meaning by acknowledging that Yah’s universal dominion is both physical and spiritual, vast and infinite. 

*View Footnotes: Dr. Malka Zeiger Simkovich is a the Crown-Ryan Chair of Jewish Studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago, and the director of their Catholic-Jewish Studies program. She holds a Ph.D. in Second Temple Judaism. 

Why the Book of Jubilees Cannot be Viewed as Inspired Scripture:

YaHuWaH created Adam & Eve on the 6th day, and then commanded them to be fruitful and multiply at the end of the 6th day (before it became the Sabbath on the 7th day).

They were both naked, and he wanted them to procreate. He did not say “But wait until the Sabbath is over to procreate.” 

As a matter of fact, Yahuwshuwa commands us to “Save Life” on the Sabbath day, and making a baby is producing/saving life. 

David & his men went to the Temple on the Sabbath, and asked the High Priest for some bread for his men. 

The priest gave them the old showbread to eat, because he was baking fresh bread on the Sabbath, which is when they were commanded to swap out the old showbread with the new showbread.

The bread of the Presence (also called the showbread or shewbread in some translations) was special bread always present on a table in the tabernacle (and later in the temple). 

Leviticus 24:5–7 describes this bread: “You shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf. And you shall set them in two piles, six in a pile, on the table of pure gold before YHWH. And you shall put pure frankincense on each pile, that it may go with the bread as a memorial portion as a food offering to YHWH.” 

This Bread of the Presence was:

1.) made of fine flour. 
2.) baked in 12 loaves.
3.) arranged in two piles of six loaves each on a table of pure gold.
4.) covered with frankincense.
5.) served as a memorial food offering to YaHuWaH. 

The bread could only be eaten by Aaron and his sons in a holy place and was set out every Sabbath day (Leviticus 24:8–9). 

The other important thing, is that Messiah will return for his bride in the 7th Millennium, which will be in the 6,000th year from creation.

This means that he will consummate with his bride in the “Sabbath Millennium!” “Save Life” 

The reason why the Sabbath Day is most holy, is because the #7 is symbolic of “covenant,” and the word “seven,” in Hebrew “sheba,” means “to take take an oath by repeating seven times.” 

In 2nd Peter 3:8, it says that “One day is with YaHuWaH as a thousand years.”  

Therefore, the 7th Millennium is equivalent to the 7th day of the week, the Weekly Shabbat! 

The most advantageous time for married couples to be intimate with one another is when the bride of Messiah will be intimate with her bridegroom in the 7th Millennium. 

Shaul (Paul) spoke of this mystery of the earthly marriage being a shadow of the heavenly marriage between Messiah and his bride in Ephesians 5:22-32, ending with these words: 

Ephesians 5:

30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones. 

31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. 

32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Mashiyach and the assembly. I have not finished writing a blog about it yet. 

Why the Book of Jubilees Leads to Gnosticism:

YaHuWaH created Adam & Eve on the 6th day, and then, he commanded them to be fruitful and multiply at the end of the 6th day (before it became the Sabbath on the 7th day). 

They were both naked, and he wanted them to procreate. He did not say But wait until the Sabbath is over to procreate.” As a matter of fact, Yahuwshuwa commands us to Save Life” on the Sabbath day, and making a baby is producing/saving life. 

David & his men went to the Temple on the Sabbath, and asked the High Priest for some bread for his men. The priest gave them the old showbread to eat, because he was baking fresh bread on the Sabbath, which is when they were commanded to swap out the old showbread with the new showbread. 

The bread of the Presence (also called the showbread or shewbread in some translations) was special bread always present on a table in the tabernacle (and later in the temple). 

Leviticus 24:5–7 describes this bread: “You shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf. And you shall set them in two piles, six in a pile, on the table of pure gold before YHWH. And you shall put pure frankincense on each pile, that it may go with the bread as a memorial portion as a food offering to YHWH.” 

The bread could only be eaten by Aaron and his sons in a holy place and was set out every Sabbath day (Leviticus 24:8–9). 

There are many contradictions in the Book of Jubilees to the Torah & Prophets. 

#1.) Jubilees claims it's a sin to go to war on Shabbat, but our Messiah said that we are to “Save life on the Sabbath.” If somebody comes to kill you and your family on Shabbat, you have to defend your family and yourself, because this is the command of our Messiah---to save life! 

#2.) Jubilees claims it’s a sin to fast on the Shabbath, but our Messiah fasted for 40 days, in the wilderness, which means that he fasted for 5 Sabbaths! 

#3.) Jubilees says it’s a sin for married couples to be intimate on the Shabbat, but YaHuWaH commanded Adam & Eve to “Be fruitful and multiply” at the end of the 6th day of the week, going into the seventh day of the week! 

#4.) Shabbat is the best time for couples to be fruitful and multiply, because it is SAVING/PRODUCING LIFE!

In Luke 24:44, Yahuwshuwa said that Law, Prophets & Psalms TESTIFY of him! He never mentioned Jubilees! 

Genesis 1:14-16 says that there are THREE WITNESSES: the sun, the moon and the stars! This is the chronology of time-keeping that we use: 

1.) We wait for the Spring Equinox to determine the Tequwphah (Solar Year). 

2.) We wait for the next Renewed Moon following the Spring Equinox, according to Deuteronomy 16:1. 

3.) We cite the constellation of the Ram inside the path of the Sun, because the Ram symbolizes when Abraham offered up his son “first-born son,” Yitschaq (Isaac), who became the substitute sacrifice.

Friday, March 3, 2023

The Landing Page of Double Portion Inheritance Ministries

 Welcome to Double Portion Inheritance Ministries! 

*At the bottom of this page, you will see an index, where you can access all my blogs according to category and topic.

By Maria Merola אריאל 
© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, August 2002-2023

Maria Merola is the founder of “Double Portion Inheritance,” since August of 2007. This photo was taken in August of 2007, when I was 47 years old. This was the summer when YaHuWaH called me into full-time ministry, and he also gave me the name “Double Portion Inheritance.” 

What does the name of the ministry mean? Why is it called “Double Portion Inheritance?”  To learn more, see the blog entitled: What is The Double Portion Inheritance?

Who is Maria Merola? Let me tell you a little bit about myself. I was born on August 18, 1960 into an Italian, Roman Catholic family, as both parents were born in Naples Italy, but they both immigrated to American after World War II. My birth name is Maria Domenica Merola. My married name since 2014. is Maria Merola Wold. Pictured is me, at age 2 1/2 being held by my father, Dominic Merola, and my mother Anna Merola holding my baby brother, John in 1962.

The town where I was born, is New Castle, Pennsylvania, (about 60 miles north of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania). New Castle was, (and still is) heavily populated with Italian immigrants, as well as Greeks, Polish, and African-Americans. Growing up in New Castle, was like growing up in a melting pot of various ethnic influences, with a whopping 30% of the population being Italians. 

Although I am 100% Italian (first-generation), I have had a great love for the nation of Yisra’el, and the Yahuwdiym (Jewish) people since being born-again between 1974-1981. In 1974, I encountered a friend in my childhood neighborhood who shared the true gospel of Messiah with me, as he explained the need for all people to become “born-again,” according to John 3:3 and 1st Peter 2:3.

This had been a foreign concept to me, because it was never taught to us in Catholic School by the nuns. We were erroneously taught that being sprinkled with water on the forehead (as an infant), insured our salvation. It was in 1974, when I first learned that all people are born into the world with a fallen nature, (which we have inherited from Adam). Scripture confirms this, as it is written, that by Adam, (the first man), sin entered into the world (Romans 5:12-14). 

And because we are born with this fallen nature (inherited from Adam), all people must be “born-again,” or we cannot enter the Kingdom of Elohiym. 

Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah 17:9) The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? 

Tehilliym (Psalm) 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. 

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 6:5 Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 

Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of Elohiym. 

Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 

In the summer of 1974, (at the age of 14), this was the first time I had heard of the concept of being spiritually reborn (as taught by our Messiah in John 3:3-8). For the first time in my life, I realized that I needed a savior, and that’s when I first repeated a “sinners prayer,” with another teenage boy from my neighborhood named “Dominic.” Dominic had a special “glow” about him. 

He beamed with joy and excitement every day, as he walked through our neighborhood like a modern-day “John the Baptist,” I made a verbal acknowledgement that I was born a sinner by nature, and that I needed a savior. I knew that the one who could save me, (by giving me a new nature), was the Messiah I had read about in the Bible. Back then, I knew him as “Jesus Christ.” 

However, I would eventually learn his true name, Yahuwshuwa (Joshua in English). It would be six more years, before I completely surrendered my life to Yahuwshuwa, as my Messiah. On February 10th, 1981, I was called out of a life of sin, and that’s when I announced to my family, that I was leaving Roman Catholicism, much to their “shock and horror.” 

I transitioned from a life of living selfishly, into a surrendered life of faith in Yahuwshuwa. Within that first year, I spent every waking hour reading the Scriptures, (beginning with Genesis), and finishing with the Book of Revelation. It was during that first year, that I had an insatiable hunger to understand the ways of Elohiym our Creator.

That same year, I was immersed (baptized) in water, but also with the Ruwach haQodesh (Holy Spirit) and fire. What came along with my being filled with the Spirit of Yah, was the evidence of speaking with “renewed tongues” (Isaiah 6:5-7; 28:11; Mark 16:17; Acts 2:2-17; 1st Corinthians 12:1-11 & 14:1-40). 

This gift has been promised to every Messiah-follower as a “sign” of his “Renewed” (New) Covenant (Matthew 3:11, Luke 3:16). 

To learn more about this gift, see the following blogs:

When we are “Born-again of incorruptible seed” (1st Peter 2:3), we are given the same spiritual nature of our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa! It is only by the “The blood of the lamb,” that we are cleansed from the evil nature. a Yahuwshuwa himself told us that if we “Eat his flesh and drink his blood,” we have his life in us (John 6:54-56). 

Eating his flesh, and drinking his blood, is not meant to be literal, as Roman Catholicism teaches. Our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa was sharing with us a “metaphor” when he said the following words:

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:35....I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes on me shall never thirst.

The word of Elohiym is our sustenance, and the only thing that can satisfy the human heart: 

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohiym. 

Luqas (Luke) 4:4 And Yahuwshuwa answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of Elohiym. 

In other words, when we “come to him,” we are eating his flesh (metaphorically), because our spiritual hunger shall be satisfied. When we “believe on him,” we shall never thirst, because our spiritual thirst shall be satisfied. 

Therefore, “eating his flesh” is a metaphor for reading his words, and allowing them to transform our lives. “Drinking his blood,” is a metaphor for allowing his words to make us clean (John 15:3; Joel 3:21), thereby changing our very DNA! 

Thus, being born-again of “incorruptible seed,” means that we have Messiah’s seed in us. Just like a plant is sown into the ground, it must first “die” (decompose), before it produces life, and springs forth into a green plant! Similarly, those of us that have our Messiah’s “seed” in us, shall one day be given immortal/incorruptible bodies, just like him! (See Ezekiel 37:1-14; Romans 8:23; 1st Corinthians 15:35-54). 

If you would like to experience this transformation, pray these words, and mean them from your heart: 

“Heavenly Father, I know that I was born a sinner by nature, and I must be reborn spiritually. I come to you now, asking you to forgive my sins. I repent of my sinful ways, and I ask you to cleanse me with the blood of Messiah, Yahuwshuwa. 

I turn away from all my sinful ways, and I choose to pursue a life of righteousness, by the power of your Ruwach ha’Qodesh (Holy Spirit). I now surrender my life completely to you, Yahuwshuwa, and I invite you to change me, and to transform me into a new creation, after your likeness. 

Let me become ‘born-again’ of your incorruptible seed, and fill me now with your Ruwach ha’Qodesh.” 

If you have recited this prayer, I urge you to continue to pursue a life pleasing to YaHuWaH, by studying the Scriptures, and asking the Ruwach ha’Qodesh (Holy Spirit) to teach you all things: 

1st Yahuwchanon (John) 2:27 But the anointing which you have received of him abides in you, and you need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teaches you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it has taught you, you shall abide in him.

What our Messiah was telling us, is that the Ruwach ha’Qodesh (Holy Spirit), has been given to us when we are “born-again” by the blood of Messiah, and his Spirit will teach us all things. 

It is important not to be turned aside to false teachers, who will lead you into a spiritual ditch. Stay in prayer, constantly, and study the word of Elohiym! Let the Ruwach/Spirit of Yah be your teacher, and if you listen to the teachings of others, weigh it up against Scripture. Now, the question often arises, “Maria, which Bible shall I use?” 

I strongly recommend the “Easy Read King James Bible,” which is the same thing as the 1611 King James Version, without the archaic language. Why do I recommend the King James Version? 

The main reason is because there is a copyright law in America, (and in other nations), requiring Bible Translators to make at least 30% changes to the text, before registering their “version,” as a new copyrightable work, worthy of earning profit. 

These “changes” are required for a new “Bible Version” to be copyrighted. For this reason, I have been using the King James Version since my conversion in 1981, but as I read it, I restore the sacred names of the Father and the Son. 

When I see the name “Jesus Christ,” I read it as “Yahuwshuwa Messiah,” or “Yahuwshua ha’Mashiyach.” 

When I see “God,” I read it as “Elohiym.” 

When I see “LORD” in all capital letters, I say “YaHuWaH,” which is the proper name of our Father. 

When I see “Lord” in lower and uppercase letters in the Tanakh or Old Testament, I read it as “Adonay.” 

In the “New Testament,” it’s a bit more complicated. There are three different definitions in the Greek Textus Receptus for “Lord.” Whenever it’s the word “Kurios,” the word should be the proper name of YaHuWaH. 

The other two definitions mean “master, or a ruler of a household.” I also recommend downloading the “Esword Program” free onto your desktop, and be sure to download KJV & KJV + which enables you to hover over the words, and look up the meaning of each word in the Hebrew Concordance (for the Tanakh/Old Testament) or Greek (for the Briyth Chadashah/New Testament). 

I also recommend the following Bibles: 

The ISR Scriptures Version from 2009.
The Aramaic English New Testament by Andrew Gabriel Roth. 
The HalleluYah Scriptures.

To learn more behind the history of King James, and why there has been a conspiracy to alter the word of Elohiym, see my blog:

Blogs About Both Houses of Israel:

Blogs Explaining the Tabernacle & the Temple: 

Blogs About the End-Time Beast:

Commonly Misunderstood Phrases by Paul:

Blogs Explaining Pauls Epistles & the Law of Moses:

Blogs About the Deity of Messiah:

Blogs About Biblical Time-Keeping:

Sacred Name Blogs:

Blogs About The Feasts of YaHuWaH: 

Commonly Misunderstood Phrases by Paul:

Blogs About the Great Tribulation & the Second Coming of Messiah: 

Blogs about Pagan Holidays:

Blogs About Donald Trump:

Blogs Debunking Flat Earth:

Blogs About the Cross: Is it a Pagan Symbol?

Blogs About the “Serpent Seed” & Cain:

Blogs About the Bronze Serpent on the Pole:

Blogs about Marriage, Weddings & Divorce:

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Blogs About Sabbath-Keeping

By Maria Merola אריאל 
© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, August 2002-2023

The Lunar Sabbath Controversy:

The Fatal Lunar Sabbath Flaw:

The Sabbath is Made for Man:

A Covenant View of the Sabbath vs. Dispensationalism:

Wednesday, March 1, 2023

The One Who Comes in his Own Name

By Maria Merola אריאל 
© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, August 2002-2023 

One of the many biblical markers shown to us in Scripture, pertaining to “The man of sin, the son of perdition,” (2nd Thessalonians 2:3) can be found in the words our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa. To learn more, see my other blog entitled: Blogs about Trump

Yahuwchanon (John) 5:43 I am come in my Father’s name, and you receive me not: if another shall come IN HIS OWN NAME, him you will receive. 

Our Messiah’s name has the Father’s name (YaHuW) in it, because the name “Joshua” was originally spelled with all six Hebrew Letters: 

Yod-Hey-Waw-Shin-Waw-Ayin (YaHuWShuWA). 

However, after the Babylonian Captivity, the “Lying Pen of the Scribes,” (Jeremiah 8:8), removed the name “YaHuW” from the name “Joshua,” rendering it as Yshuwa (Yeshua). 

Even the Dead Sea Scrolls confirm the full spelling of Yahuwshuwa. See the link below: 

But guess who will come “IN HIS OWN NAME?” 

“The Donald” or “Donald Trump” has been listed as owner for 318 trademarks using the “Trump Name” in the United States Database!

What most people may not be aware of, is that the name “Donald” in Gaelic or Scottish, literally means “The World Ruler!”

Barack Obama changed his name, from his original birth name (Barry Soetoro). Pope Francis does not come in his own name when he holds the office of a Pope, because his birth name is “Jorge Mario Bergoglio.” 

King Charles III, is also not his original birth name either, for he was born “Prince Charles Philip Arthur George of Wales.” 

However, his current legal name is “King Charles III, of the United Kingdom.” or simply “Charles II.”

Below, you will see all the Trademarks that have been listed using the Trump name in the United States. 

In addition to the 318 Trademarks with the Trump name in them, I have found 33 terms with the name Trump in it, adding up to 666 in Computer ASCII Code! 

See these links: 

Donald Trump Trademark Ownership:

Donald Trump is or was listed owner for 318 trademarks in the U.S. database. 

TRUMP THE GAME – Equipment sold as a unit for playing a board game. Abandoned 1990. 

TOUR DE TRUMP – Organizing and conducting a bicycle race.
Cancelled 1998. 

TRUMP AIRLINES – Air transportation services. Cancelled 1997.

GOBI DESSERT – Hotel restaurant services. Cancelled 1998. 

TRUMPNET – Corporate telephone communication services. Abandoned 1990. 

TRUMP WORLD’S FAIR – Casino services. Cancelled 2005. 

TRUMP’S AMERICAN PALE ALE – Beer. Cancelled 2007. 

THE DONALD – Prepared alcoholic cocktails. Cancelled 2007.
THE TRUMP FOLLIES – Entertainment services, namely, dramatic theater productions, musical theater productions; live comedic performances; cabarets acts; entertainment in the nature of live visual and audio performances, namely, musical, variety, and comedy shows; providing an on-line radio program in the fields of variety, comedy, drama, and talent shows… Abandoned 2009. 

TOBACCO ROAD – Ongoing scripted television series in the nature of drama; Entertainment services, namely, an on-going television program in the field of drama; presentation of live show performances in the nature of readings by individuals; Entertainment in the nature of on-going television programs in the field of reality-based shows, variety shows, comedy, and drama… Abandoned 2009.

TRUMP SUPER SPEEDWAY – Organizing, conducting, and sponsoring entertainment events in the field of races featuring automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, and go-carts. Abandoned 2008. 

TRUMP VODKA – Vodka. Abandoned 2008. 

ENTREPRENEURSHIP MASTERY PROGRAM – Educational services in the nature of conducting on-line courses in the fields of business and real estate. Abandoned 2007. 

TRUMP GO TRUMP.COM TRAVEL TRUMP STYLE – On-line travel agency services… Cancelled 2014. 

TRUMP UNIVERSITY – Printed materials, namely, books, for home study courses in the field of real estate and entrepreneurship. Cancelled 2014. Donald Trump Live Trademarks There are 111 live trademarks owned by Donald Trump (or initially filed by him). Live trademarks are ones that are currently being used or are pending. Redundant names were removed. 

• DJT 
• H 2 EAU 
• T 

As mentioned above, corporations typically own trademarks, thus, the list is not exhaustive. This is simply a list of ones in which Donald Trump was or is listed as applicant at one point in time. The list is pretty accurate, but not an all-encompassing compilation of Trump trademarks. 

*Donald Trump Trademarks Filed Under Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. 


Real Estate: 

*Note: All current properties listed in bold are owned directly by Trump himself or the Trump Organization. The rest are associated with the Trump Organization through licensing deals, unless specifically noted otherwise. 

Trump Tower:

Trump Tower in New York City Current Trump Tower, New York City Trump Towers, Sunny Isles Beach, Florida Trump Tower Kolkata, Kolkata, India. 

Trump Tower Manila, Philippines. 
Trump Towers Istanbul, Turkey Trump Towers Pune, India. 
Trump Towers Mumbai, India. 

In development:

Trump Towers Delhi NCR (Gurugram), India.
Trump Tower Punta del Este, Uruguay.


The Tower at City Place, White Plains, New York (De-branded in June 2022) Cancelled or never completed. 

Trump Tower Moscow, Moscow, Russia. 
Trump Tower, Tampa, Florida.
Trump Towers Rio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Trump Towers Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, United States. 
Trump Tower Batumi, Batumi, Georgia. 
Trump Tower Bangalore, Bangalore, India.
Trump Tower Denver, Colorado, United States. 
Trump Tower Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Trump Towers Charlotte, North Carolina, United States.
Trump Tower Dallas, Texas, United States.
Trump Tower West Palm Beach, Florida, United States.
Trump Tower Los Angeles, California, United States.
Trump Tower Seattle, Washington, United States.

*Trump Plaza:

Trump Plaza is a brand of apartment buildings licensed to various proprietors. 

Trump Plaza (Jersey City).
Trump Plaza (New Rochelle). 
Trump Plaza (New York City) Former The Plaza (West Palm Beach) (previously Trump Plaza until January 2021). 

Other Trump buildings: 

The Trump Building – New York City Current.
The Trump Building, in New York City.
Trump Bay Street, in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Trump Hollywood, a 41-story condominium tower in Hollywood, Florida.

Trump Parc and Trump Parc East, Manhattan Trump Park Avenue, Manhattan Trump Park Residences, Yorktown, New York.

Trump World Tower, in New York City.

Daewoo Trump World, apartment brand in South Korea. 

Formerly, The Dominick, a hotel condominium complex in New York City formerly called: 

Trump SoHo (name licensing deal ended in 2017) Riverside South, Manhattan (Trump Place), Manhattan (de-branded in November 2016).

Parc Stamford, a condominium building previously called Trump Parc Stamford.

Cancelled or never completed:

Elite Tower, formerly known as Trump Plaza Tower, and Trump Elite Tower, Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Trump Condominium/Hotel/Office/Shopping project, Charlotte, North Carolina. Announced in 2007; cancelled a year later, before the start of construction.

Trump Hotel, Rio de Janeiro.
Trump Las Olas Beach Resort, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States.
Trump Ocean Resort, Baja Mexico.
Trump on the Ocean, Jones Beach, New York. 

Trump Tower Europe, a project by TD Trump Deutschland in Stuttgart, Germany.

Trump Twin Towers, a nickname for a proposed twin-towered skyscraper complex that would have replaced the original World Trade Center Twin Towers. 

Trump Offices Buenos Aires, an office project in Buenos Aires, Argentina. 


*Note: Hotels listed in bold are owned directly by Trump himself or his company, the Trump Organization. The rest are associated through licensing deals. 

Trump sign on his Chicago Hotel and Tower Trump International Hotel – Las Vegas Current Trump International Hotel and Tower (Chicago). 

Trump International Hotel and Tower (Honolulu).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (New York City).
Trump International Hotel Las Vegas, a second tower was going to be built but was cancelled before construction started. 

Former The St. Regis Toronto (formerly Trump International Hotel and Tower (Toronto), divested in 2017).

JW Marriott Panama (formerly Trump International Hotel & Tower (Panama City), licensing deal ended in 2018).

Paradox Hotel formerly called Trump International Hotel and Tower (Vancouver).

Trump International Hotel Washington, D.C., also known as Old Post Office Building (sold and closed in 2022).

Cancelled or never completed: 

Trump International Hotel & Residence (Phoenix).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Baku).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Belgrade).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Dubai).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Fort Lauderdale).
Trump International Hotel and Tower (New Orleans).
Trump Hotel Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro). 

Golf courses:

The 18th hole at Trump National Doral Trump International Golf Club (West Palm Beach).

Trump National Doral Miami (golf club + resort). 

Trump National Golf Club (Bedminster, New Jersey) – used as Trump's "Summer White House" during his presidency.

Trump National Golf Club (Charlotte, North Carolina).

Trump National Golf Club (Colts Neck, New Jersey).
Trump National Golf Club Hudson Valley (Hopewell Junction, New York).
Trump National Golf Club (Jupiter, Florida).
Trump National Golf Club (Los Angeles).
Trump National Golf Club (Philadelphia).
Trump National Golf Club (Washington, D.C.).
Trump National Golf Club (Westchester, New York).
Trump Golf Links (Ferry Point, New York).
International Trump International Golf Club (Dubai).

Trump World Golf Club (Dubai).
Trump International Golf Links, Scotland Trump International Golf Links and Hotel Ireland.
Trump Turnberry (Scotland).

*In Development:

Trump International Resort & Golf Club Bali (Golf Club + Resort + Residences).

Trump International Resort & Golf Club Lido (Golf Club + Residences), West Java Former. 

Trump International Golf Club, Puerto Rico. 


Trump Entertainment Resorts was the casino arm of the Trump Organization. All of its casinos eventually went bankrupt or were divested. 

Formerly Owned by Trump: 

Trump Taj Mahal, a casino and hotel on the Atlantic City boardwalk (closed in 2016 and reopened in 2018 as Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Atlantic City).

Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, in Atlantic City. 

Initially a 50/50 partnership with Harrah's, then wholly owned by Trump since 1986. Closed in 2014 and demolished in 2021. 

Trump World's Fair at Trump Plaza in Atlantic City. 

Operated with its own casino license in a wing of Trump Plaza. Closed in 1999 and demolished in 2000. 

Trump's Castle in Atlantic City (renamed Trump Marina in 1997), sold to Landry's, Inc. in 2011 who renamed it to Golden Nugget Atlantic City in 2011. 

Trump 29 Casino, in Coachella, California, now Spotlight 29 Casino

Formerly 50/50 partnership with the Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California; Trump exited the business in 2006.

Trump Casino in Gary, Indiana, later known as Majestic Star II. Closed in 2021. 

Trump Club Privee Casino, Canouan, Saint Vincent Cancelled or never built.
Trump Riverside North Casino and Hotel, St. Louis, United States. 
Trump Motor City Casino and Hotel, Detroit, United States.
Trump Flamingo Casino, Kansas City, 

United States. Streets/roads/government buildings: 

Donald Trump Square, Petah Tikva, Israel U.S. Donald J. Trump State Park, in New York state, located on land donated by Trump in 2006. 

Trump Drive – Kalispell, Montana.

President Donald J. Trump Highway – a section of U.S. Route 287 in Oklahoma.

The Donald J. Trump Justice Complex – Lyon County, Nevada International.

Trump Avenue – Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Donald J Trump Boulevard – Kamëz, Albania.

United States Square in honor of President Donald Trump (a.k.a. Donald Trump Square) – Jerusalem, Israel. 

A town square in the city surrounding the new U.S. embassy. Named in honor of Trump for his administration's recognizing of Jerusalem as Israel's capital. 

Donald Trump Square – Petah Tikva, Israel.
Note: Trump Street in the City of London, England is not named after Donald Trump or his family. 

It dates from the middle of the 18th century and is probably named after a former inn, the Trumpeter Tavern. 

Planned Trump Heights sign and Eagle Trump Station - Jerusalem [he] – A proposed train station near the Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. 

Trump Heights – Golan Heights, a planned Israeli settlement in the Israeli-occupied territories, named in honor of Trump's recognition of the Golan Heights as part of Israel. 


Trump: The Game – a board game initially launched in 1989, with a 2004 re-release.

Donald Trump's Real Estate Tycoon – a 2002 video game by RedCap Magazines: 

Trump magazines include: 

Trump Style, a free magazine offered at Trump hotel-casinos from 1997 to 2002.

Trump World Magazine, published from 2002 to 2006.

Trump Magazine, published from 2006 to 2009.

*Social Media:

Trump Media & Technology Group (TMTG) — social media and technology company founded by Trump in 2021.