By Maria Merola אריאל
The Book of Jubilees, sometimes called the “Lesser Genesis,” or “Little Genesis,” or “The Testament of Moses,” is a Pseudepigraphal work of Jewish apocalyptic literature. The term “Pseudepigraphal,” means that it is falsely attributed to the wrong author.
An example of this is with the Book of Chanowk (Enoch), which is falsely attributed to the Patriarch Enoch, but was not written until about 300 B.C. -100 A.D. through a collection of writings, all written by various authors. The Book of Enoch, is also referred to as a “Pseudepigraphal,” work, because it was not written by the original Enoch. See the following link to learn more: The Book of Enoch Debunked
The Book of Jubilees was probably written in the second century B.C., sometime between 135 and 105. The Book of Jubilees records an account of biblical history from the creation of the world to the time of Moses, as delivered to Moses by an “angel” on Mount Sinai. The Hebrew word for “angel” is “malak,” which means the following: “A priest, prophet, king, messenger, teacher.”
This is a strong indicator that the “malak,” was the Pre-Incarnate Messiah, who literally gave the Torah “Written with the finger of Elohiym” (Exodus 9:10 & Deuteronomy 31:18).
The Book of Jubilees divides history into periods or “Jubilees” of 49 years. Generally, the Book of Jubilees follows the account of creation as recorded in the Book of Genesis, but it inserts interesting details such as the names of Adam’s daughters and the creation of angels.
Some scholars consider the Book of Jubilees to be an extended midrash on Genesis through the first part of Exodus. The only complete text of the Book of Jubilees still extant is an Ethiopic manuscript from the sixth century A.D., and it contains 1,307 verses.
Most scholars believe that the book was originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic. That theory is bolstered by the discovery among the Dead Sea Scrolls of fragmented Hebrew texts containing portions of the Book of Jubilees. So far, at least fifteen separate manuscripts of the Book of Jubilees have been identified at Qumran. All have been reduced to fragments----“The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Book of Jubilees,” VanderKam, J., and Morgan, S., The Missouri Review, the College of Arts & Science of the University of Missouri, 12/1/1992.
These fragments provide only about 3 percent of the total content of the book. There are also some fragments of Jubilees existing today in Greek and Latin, but nowhere near a complete book in either of those languages or in Hebrew.
According to the Book of Jubilees, on Mt. Sinai “The malak of the presence” spoke to Moses according to the word of YHWH, saying:
The bread of the Presence (also called the showbread or shewbread in some translations) was special bread always present on a table in the tabernacle (and later in the temple).